How to format your references using the Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gonzalez, C., 2001. Undergraduate research, graduate mentoring, and the university’s mission. Science 293, 1624–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
LeRoy, B.J., Yankowitz, M., 2014. Physics. Emergent complex states in bilayer graphene. Science 345, 31–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu, B., Erdélyi, R., James, S.P., 2004. Solar chromospheric spicules from the leakage of photospheric oscillations and flows. Nature 430, 536–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hensel, K.O., Boland, V., Postberg, J., Zilbauer, M., Heuschkel, R., Vogel, S., Gödde, D., Wirth, S., Jenke, A.C., 2014. Differential expression of mucosal trefoil factors and mucins in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases. Sci. Rep. 4, 7343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oden, J.T., 2011. An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Khosla, R., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), 2005. Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 9th International Conference, KES 2005, Melbourne, Australia, September 14-16, 2005, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Arai, T., Harino, H., 2009. Contamination by Organotin Compounds in Asia, in: Arai, T., Harino, H., Ohji, M., Langston, W.J. (Eds.), Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. New Baby Dinosaur Fossil Reveals Cause of Death [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Federal Research: Lessons Learned from the Pilot Technology Access Program (No. RCED-95-212). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokolov, C.K., 2017. Teacher Engagement In Grades 4-8 (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2016. Project Turns to Architect It Knows Well. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gonzalez, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gonzalez, 2001; LeRoy and Yankowitz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (LeRoy and Yankowitz, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hensel et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management
ISSN (print)2215-1532
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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