How to format your references using the Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chang, F.R., 2009. Computer science. Is your computer secure? Science 325, 550–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum, S., Medzhitov, R., 2007. Regulation of spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis through the adaptor protein MyD88. Science 317, 124–127.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Wang, H., Zhao, X., 2014. Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet. Sci. Rep. 4, 7166.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fyhn, M., Hafting, T., Treves, A., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I., 2007. Hippocampal remapping and grid realignment in entorhinal cortex. Nature 446, 190–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dao, T.T., Ho Ba Tho, M.-C., 2014. Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Volkmann, C.K., 2010. Entrepreneurship in a European Perspective: Concepts for the Creation and Growth of New Ventures. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Doan, K., Sinanovic, M., 2012. IFRS in der Kreuzfahrtindustrie Problematik der Ertragserfassung, Abschreibung, Rückstellung und Zweckgesellschaften, in: Papathanassis, A., Breitner, M.H., Schoen, C., Guhr, N. (Eds.), Cruise Management: Information and Decision Support Systems. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 75–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. How Microbes Make Methane [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology: SBA Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Its Loan Management and Accounting System Modernization (No. GAO-12-395T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oduntan, A., 2017. The Rheological Study of the Effects of Surfactant and Hydrophilic Bentonite Nano clay on Oil in Water Emulsions for Enhanced Oil Recovery (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Estonia: Vodka Pipeline. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chang, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chang, 2009; Rakoff-Nahoum and Medzhitov, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rakoff-Nahoum and Medzhitov, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Fyhn et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management
ISSN (print)2215-1532
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles