How to format your references using the Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhou, Y., 2015. The rapid rise of a research nation. Nature 528, S170-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahakian, B., Morein-Zamir, S., 2007. Professor’s little helper. Nature 450, 1157–1159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kernbauer, E., Ding, Y., Cadwell, K., 2014. An enteric virus can replace the beneficial function of commensal bacteria. Nature 516, 94–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bai, X., Ma, D., Liu, A., Shen, X., Wang, Q.J., Liu, Y., Jiang, Y., 2007. Rheb activates mTOR by antagonizing its endogenous inhibitor, FKBP38. Science 318, 977–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, J.-P., Mori, Y., 2013. Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pfeifer, T., Bellavista, P. (Eds.), 2009. Wired-Wireless Multimedia Networks and Services Management: 12th IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Management of Multimedia and Mobile Networks and Services, MMNS 2009, Venice, Italy, October 26-27, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bushek, D., Allen, D.M., 2005. Motile Suspension-Feeders in Estuarine and Marine Ecosystems, in: Dame, R.F., Olenin, S. (Eds.), The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems Nida, Lithuania 4–9 October 2003, NATO Science Series IV: Earth and Environmental Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Scientists Produce The Most Detailed Simulation Of The Universe Yet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends and Key Issues Affecting Federal Oversight and International Competitiveness (No. GAO-11-629T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Momenteller, J., 2017. Optimization of Germination and Early Growth Conditions for Axenic Stanleya pinnata, a Potential Phytoremediation Candidate for Selenium (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman, R., Walsh, M.W., 2013. Struggling, San Jose Tests a Way to Cut Benefits. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhou, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sahakian and Morein-Zamir, 2007; Zhou, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sahakian and Morein-Zamir, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bai et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management
ISSN (print)2215-1532
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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