How to format your references using the Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Castro Neto, A.H., 2011. Physics. Another spin on graphene. Science 332, 315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaproth, B.M., Marone, C., 2013. Slow earthquakes, preseismic velocity changes, and the origin of slow frictional stick-slip. Science 341, 1229–1232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, N., Tsunenari, T., Yau, K.-W., 2009. Intrinsic light response of retinal horizontal cells of teleosts. Nature 460, 899–903.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jones, T.D., Farlow, J.O., Ruben, J.A., Henderson, D.M., Hillenius, W.J., 2000. Cursoriality in bipedal archosaurs. Nature 406, 716–718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Windom, C.A., Sr., Gaidhani, H., Fontana, A., 2010. Virtualizing. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Pellens, R., Grandcolas, P. (Eds.), 2016. Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis, Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pan, H., Gu, J., Han, Q., Feng, X., Xie, X., Li, P., 2014. Medical Image Clustering Algorithm Based on Graph Model, in: Li, K., Xiao, Z., Wang, Y., Du, J., Li, Keqin (Eds.), Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics: 25th International Conference, ParCFD 2013, Changsha, China, May 20-24, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 54–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Easter Islanders Mixed With Native Americans Centuries Before Europeans Arrived [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Federal Student Loans: Challenges in Estimating Federal Subsidy Costs (No. GAO-05-874). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, C., 2010. A quantitative study of retirement knowledge among Spring 2009 Arizona high school graduates (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2007. Dmitri Prigov, 66, Poet Who Challenged Soviet Authority. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Castro Neto, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Castro Neto, 2011; Kaproth and Marone, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaproth and Marone, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management
ISSN (print)2215-1532
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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