How to format your references using the Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortney, J.J., 2004. Planetary science. Looking into the giant planets. Science 305, 1414–1415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pollard, T.D., Cooper, J.A., 2009. Actin, a central player in cell shape and movement. Science 326, 1208–1212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cram, D.S., Song, B., Trounson, A.O., 2007. Genotyping of Rhesus SCNT pluripotent stem cell lines. Nature 450, E12-4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Misumi, O., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Fujiwara, T., Nanamiya, H., Kawamura, F., Kuroiwa, T., 2006. Isolated chloroplast division machinery can actively constrict after stretching. Science 313, 1435–1438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nappi, E., Peskov, V., 2013. Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Cai, J., 2016. International Comparative Studies in Mathematics: Lessons for Improving Students’ Learning, ICME-13 Topical Surveys. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cadorin, L., Knus, M.-A., Rost, M., 2005. On the dimension and other numerical invariants of algebras and vector products, in: Tandon, R. (Ed.), Algebra and Number Theory: Proceedings of the Silver Jubilee Conference University of Hyderabad, Pure and Applied Mathematics. Hindustan Book Agency, Gurgaon, pp. 34–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Dozens Of Scientific Papers Withdrawn After Peer-Review Fraud Uncovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Science Indicators: Improvements Needed in Design, Construction, and Interpretation (No. PAD-79-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mani, V., 2011. Empirical study of link between operations and financial performance for retailers (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2017. With Dutch Vote, E.U. Free-Trade Deal With Ukraine Nears Final Approval. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortney, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fortney, 2004; Pollard and Cooper, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pollard and Cooper, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management
ISSN (print)2215-1532
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles