How to format your references using the Environmental & Engineering Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental & Engineering Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, T., 2003, Lighting up the body: Nature, v. 425, no. 6960, p. 867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raine, N.E., and Gill, R.J., 2015, Ecology: Tasteless pesticides affect bees in the field: Nature, v. 521, no. 7550, p. 38–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier, M., Crawford, J.D., and Tweed, D.B., 2003, Optimal transsaccadic integration explains distorted spatial perception: Nature, v. 422, no. 6927, p. 76–80.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Religa, T.L., Markson, J.S., Mayor, U., Freund, S.M.V., and Fersht, A.R., 2005, Solution structure of a protein denatured state and folding intermediate: Nature, v. 437, no. 7061, p. 1053–1056.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, M.C., and Guthner, M.W., 2016, The Options Edge + Free Trial: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Combi, C., 2010, Temporal Information Systems in Medicine (E. Keravnou-Papailiou & Y. Shahar, Eds.): Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Harper Browne, C., and Shapiro, C.J., 2016, Building Young Children’s Social–Emotional Competence at Home and in Early Care and Education Settings, in Shapiro, C.J. and Harper Browne, C. eds., Innovative Approaches to Supporting Families of Young Children, Springer International Publishing, Cham, p. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental & Engineering Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016, Ig Nobel Prize Winner: Why I Lived Like A Badger, An Otter, A Deer And A Swift: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003, Pipeline Safety: Systematic Process Needed to Evaluate Outcomes of Research and Development Program: U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani, M., 2017, On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform [Doctoral dissertation]: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach, M., 2010, Faces in the Crowd: New York Times,, p. BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman, 2003; Raine and Gill, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raine and Gill, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Religa et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental & Engineering Geoscience
AbbreviationEnviron. Eng. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1078-7275
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Environmental Engineering

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