How to format your references using the Environmental & Engineering Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental & Engineering Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reynolds, A.M., 2014, Mussels realize Weierstrassian Lévy walks as composite correlated random walks: Scientific reports, v. 4, p. 4409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bader, J.S., and Chant, J., 2006, Systems biology. When proteomes collide: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 311, no. 5758, p. 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behie, S.W., Zelisko, P.M., and Bidochka, M.J., 2012, Endophytic insect-parasitic fungi translocate nitrogen directly from insects to plants: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 336, no. 6088, p. 1576–1577.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Treps, N., Grosse, N., Bowen, W.P., Fabre, C., Bachor, H.-A., and Lam, P.K., 2003, A quantum laser pointer: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 301, no. 5635, p. 940–943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jank, W., and Shmueli, G., 2010, Modeling Online Auctions: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Boztaş, S., and Lu, H.-F. (francis) (Eds.), 2007, Applied Algebra, Algebraic Algorithms and Error-Correcting Codes: 17th International Symposium, AAECC-17, Bangalore, India, December 16-20, 2007. Proceedings: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Richardson, H.W., Pan, Q., Gordon, P., Park, J., and Moore, J.E., 2015, A Radiological Bomb Attack on the Downtown Los Angeles Financial District, in Richardson, H.W., Pan, Q., Park, J., and Moore, J.E., II eds., Regional Economic Impacts of Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters and Metropolitan Policies, Advances in Spatial Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, p. 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental & Engineering Geoscience.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016, There’s A Type Of Nerve Cell That Does Nothing Except Give You Nipple Erections: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975, Review of Certain Problems in the Cosmetology Accrediting Commission: U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes-Rodriguez, G.J., 2013, Nucleophilic additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne: Exploring the non-radical reactivity of a diradical [Doctoral dissertation]: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hervieux, L., 2013, Brooklynite Hits France, With Plans To Seduce: New York Times,, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reynolds, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Reynolds, 2014; Bader and Chant, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bader and Chant, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Treps et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental & Engineering Geoscience
AbbreviationEnviron. Eng. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1078-7275
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Environmental Engineering

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