How to format your references using the Environmental & Engineering Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental & Engineering Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellis, W., 2000, At the zoo: Nature, v. 408, no. 6810, p. 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kilpivaara, O., and Aaltonen, L.A., 2013, Diagnostic cancer genome sequencing and the contribution of germline variants: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 339, no. 6127, p. 1559–1562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnarez, C., Marrink, S.J., and Periole, X., 2013, Identification of cardiolipin binding sites on cytochrome c oxidase at the entrance of proton channels: Scientific reports, v. 3, p. 1263.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Bomati, E.K., Haley, J.E., Noel, J.P., and Deheyn, D.D., 2014, Spectral and structural comparison between bright and dim green fluorescent proteins in Amphioxus: Scientific reports, v. 4, p. 5469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morri, G., and Mazza, A., 2014, Property Finance: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Norris, S.P. (Ed.), 2012, Reading for Evidence and Interpreting Visualizations in Mathematics and Science Education: SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Freudenburg, W.R., Gramling, R., Laska, S., and Erikson, K.T., 2012, The Growth Machine Comes to New Orleans, in Gramling, R., Laska, S., and Erikson, K.T. eds., Catastrophe in the Making: The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow, Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental & Engineering Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, Scientists Use Lasers To Discover Ancient Lost City: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972, GAO Role in the Evaluation of Federally Funded Education Programs: U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Todman, J.V., 2016, Applicability of health care leadership competence and leadership behaviors for women’s achieving health care executive status [Doctoral dissertation]: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., and Baker, A.L., 2017, Bullying Seen as Prelude to Classroom Stabbing: New York Times,, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ellis, 2000; Kilpivaara and Aaltonen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kilpivaara and Aaltonen, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bomati et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental & Engineering Geoscience
AbbreviationEnviron. Eng. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1078-7275
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Environmental Engineering

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