How to format your references using the Environment and Planning D, Society & Space citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning D, Society & Space. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hassan M H A, 2005, “Nanotechnology. Small things and big changes in the developing world” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309(5731) 65–66
A journal article with 2 authors
Hazen R M, Roedder E, 2001, “Biogeology. How old are bacteria from the Permian age?” Nature 411(6834) 155–156
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin X, Clark A C, Chan M H W, 2007, “Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition” Nature 449(7165) 1025–1028
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Wilf P, Cúneo N R, Johnson K R, Hicks J F, Wing S L, Obradovich J D, 2003, “High plant diversity in Eocene South America: evidence from Patagonia” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5616) 122–125

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kato T, Handwerker C A, Bath J, 2016 Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Catarci T, Forner P, Hiemstra D, Peñas A, Santucci G eds, 2012 Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Visual Analytics: Third International Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2012, Rome, Italy, September 17-20, 2012. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Pierce R, Stacey K, 2011, “Using Dynamic Geometry to Bring the Real World Into the Classroom”, in Model-Centered Learning: Pathways to Mathematical Understanding Using GeoGebra Eds L Bu and R Schoen (SensePublishers, Rotterdam), pp 41–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning D, Society & Space.

Blog post
Andrews R, 2016, “This Ancient Bug Within A Lizard Within A Snake Will Blow Your Mind” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004, “Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson P M, 2012 Persistent Genomic Consequences of Prenatal Nicotine Exposure Measured in Adolescent Rat Brain, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L, 2008, “A New Turn on Old Pots” New York Times F3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hassan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hassan, 2005; Hazen and Roedder, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hazen and Roedder, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilf et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning D, Society & Space
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. D
ISSN (print)0263-7758
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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