How to format your references using the Environment and Planning D, Society & Space citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning D, Society & Space. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C, 2000, “Livermore plans radical rescue for ‘mismanaged’ laser facility” Nature 403(6769) 469–470
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray R D, Jordan F M, 2000, “Language trees support the express-train sequence of Austronesian expansion” Nature 405(6790) 1052–1055
A journal article with 3 authors
Wichterle H, Gifford D, Mazzoni E, 2013, “Neuroscience. Mapping neuronal diversity one cell at a time” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341(6147) 726–727
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Carreiras M, Lopez J, Rivero F, Corina D, 2005, “Linguistic perception: neural processing of a whistled language” Nature 433(7021) 31–32

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen J, 2017 Chemiereaktoren (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany)
An edited book
Perner P ed, 2013 Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 9th International Conference, MLDM 2013, New York, NY, USA, July 19-25, 2013. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Saul B, 2012, “Civilising the Exception: Universally Defining Terrorism”, in Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism Ed A Masferrer (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), pp 79–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning D, Society & Space.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015, “Who Do You Think You Are? Most Detailed Genetic Map Of The British Isles Reveals All” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973, “Propriety of Payment of Transportation and Travel Expenses”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sylvain O, 2010 Domesticating “the Great, Throbbing, Common Pulse of America”: A Study of the Ideological Origins of the Radio Act of 1927, Columbia University, New York, NY

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L, 2005, “Justices Grapple With Whether Public Employees Enjoy Free-Speech Rights on the Job” New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gray and Jordan, 2000; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray and Jordan, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Carreiras et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning D, Society & Space
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. D
ISSN (print)0263-7758
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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