How to format your references using the Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lerner I V, 2007, “Physics. So small yet still giant” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5821) 63–64
A journal article with 2 authors
Brongersma M L, Shalaev V M, 2010, “Applied physics. The case for plasmonics” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328(5977) 440–441
A journal article with 3 authors
d’Aignaux J N, Cousens S N, Smith P G, 2001, “Predictability of the UK variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease epidemic” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5547) 1729–1731
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Williams T F, Mirando A C, Wilkinson B, Francklyn C S, Lounsbury K M, 2013, “Secreted Threonyl-tRNA synthetase stimulates endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis” Scientific reports 3 1317

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Z-G, 2016 Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines (John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd, Singapore)
An edited book
Tonchia S, 2010 Performance Measurement: Linking Balanced Scorecard to Business Intelligence Ed L Quagini (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Au S K, 2016, “Bayesian Operational Modal Analysis”, in Identification Methods for Structural Health Monitoring Eds E Chatzi and C Papadimitriou CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences (Springer International Publishing, Cham), pp 117–135

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015, “Microbes Turn Pee Into Electricity” IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012, “NASA: Earned Value Management Implementation across Major Spaceflight Projects Is Uneven”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rountree B L, 2010 Theory and practice of dynamic voltage /frequency scaling in the high performance computing environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bogdanich W, 2017, “The Sheriff’s War” New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lerner, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brongersma and Shalaev, 2010; Lerner, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brongersma and Shalaev, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Williams et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning C, Government & Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Plann. C Gov. Policy
ISSN (print)0263-774X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Public Administration

Other styles