How to format your references using the Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guthrie R D, 2004, “Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island” Nature 429(6993) 746–749
A journal article with 2 authors
Yarger J L, Wolf G H, 2004, “Chemistry. Polymorphism in liquids” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306(5697) 820–821
A journal article with 3 authors
Debruyne R, Schwarz C, Poinar H, 2008, “Comment on ‘Whole-genome shotgun sequencing of mitochondria from ancient hair shafts’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5903) 857; author reply 857
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Qian Y, Qiu M, Wu Q, Tian Y, Zhang Y, Gu N, Li S, Xu L, Yin R, 2014, “Enhanced cytotoxic activity of cetuximab in EGFR-positive lung cancer by conjugating with gold nanoparticles” Scientific reports 4 7490

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiang H-D, 2010 Direct Methods for Stability Analysis of Electric Power Systems (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Ah-King M ed, 2013 Challenging Popular Myths of Sex, Gender and Biology (Springer International Publishing, Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Maul S M, 2015, “Telling the Future: Reflections on the Status of Divination in Ancient Near Eastern Politics”, in Geographies of Knowledge and Power Eds P Meusburger, D Gregory, and L Suarsana Knowledge and Space (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), pp 123–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy.

Blog post
Fang J, 2014, “Suicidal Bee With No Stinger Bites Down Until It Dies” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984, “Compensation by 12 Aerospace Contractors”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad H, 2017 Removing a Thorn with a Thorn: Evaluating India’s Use of Militias in Counterinsurgency, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J, 2016, “Car Accident Takes Away Independence and Financial Security” New York Times A28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guthrie, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Guthrie, 2004; Yarger and Wolf, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yarger and Wolf, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Qian et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning C, Government & Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Plann. C Gov. Policy
ISSN (print)0263-774X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Public Administration

Other styles