How to format your references using the Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten D M, 2001, “Planetary science. Clues to the Martian atmosphere” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5548) 1843–1844
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis A, Tomlinson I, 2012, “Cancer. The utility of mouse models in post-GWAS research” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338(6112) 1301–1302
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood B J, Halliday A N, Rehkämper M, 2010, “Volatile accretion history of the Earth” Nature 467(7319) E6-7
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Frost D J, Liebske C, Langenhorst F, McCammon C A, Trønnes R G, Rubie D C, 2004, “Experimental evidence for the existence of iron-rich metal in the Earth’s lower mantle” Nature 428(6981) 409–412

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kääriäinen T, Cameron D, Kääriäinen M-L, Sherman A, 2013 Atomic Layer Deposition (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Mak P-I, 2007 Analog-Baseband Architectures And Circuits For Multistandard And Lowvoltage Wireless Transceivers Eds S-P U and R P Martins (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Galtung J, Fischer D, 2013, “Cultural Violence”, in Johan Galtung: Pioneer of Peace Research Ed D Fischer SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), pp 41–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy.

Blog post
Andrew D, 2016, “14 Scientific Tricks to Beat Stress, Anxiety, And Fear” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994, “[Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baggio B G, 2008 Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W, 2015, “The Bonds That Broke Puerto Rico” New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunten, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hunten, 2001, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewis and Tomlinson, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Frost et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning C, Government & Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Plann. C Gov. Policy
ISSN (print)0263-774X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Public Administration

Other styles