How to format your references using the Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin R A, 2001, “Why rename things?” Nature 410(6829) 637
A journal article with 2 authors
Badman M K, Flier J S, 2005, “The gut and energy balance: visceral allies in the obesity wars” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307(5717) 1909–1914
A journal article with 3 authors
Nosil P, Crespi B J, Sandoval C P, 2002, “Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation” Nature 417(6887) 440–443
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Moser M, Legate K R, Zent R, Fässler R, 2009, “The tail of integrins, talin, and kindlins” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5929) 895–899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesche R, 2015 Physical Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Baehr H D, 2006 Heat and Mass Transfer Second, revised Edition Ed K Stephan (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Dadkhah S, Manaf A A, Sadeghi S, 2014, “Efficient Image Authentication and Tamper Localization Algorithm Using Active Watermarking”, in Bio-inspiring Cyber Security and Cloud Services: Trends and Innovations Eds A E Hassanien, T-H Kim, J Kacprzyk, and A I Awad Intelligent Systems Reference Library (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), pp 115–148

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti A, 2017, “A Distant, Dusty Galaxy Reveals What The First Stars Got Up To” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988, “Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wonnacott C J, 2017 Ambiguity in Theory and Neutrality in Practice: The Allied Intervention and the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S, 2016, “At 100, a Movement Still Astonishes and Provokes” New York Times CT10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Badman and Flier, 2005; Lewin, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badman and Flier, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Moser et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning C, Government & Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Plann. C Gov. Policy
ISSN (print)0263-774X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Public Administration

Other styles