How to format your references using the Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Botvinick M, 2004, “Neuroscience. Probing the neural basis of body ownership” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305(5685) 782–783
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianchi M E, Manfredi A A, 2009, “Immunology. Dangers in and out” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323(5922) 1683–1684
A journal article with 3 authors
Hainzl T, Huang S, Sauer-Eriksson A E, 2002, “Structure of the SRP19 RNA complex and implications for signal recognition particle assembly” Nature 417(6890) 767–771
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Zhang Y, Liu Y, Chen J, Guo Q, Wang T, Pang H, 2014, “Cobalt vanadium oxide thin nanoplates: primary electrochemical capacitor application” Scientific reports 4 5687

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes G, 2008 A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations (Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK)
An edited book
Baba S, Ono Y eds, 2006 Interventional Management of Urological Diseases (Springer Japan, Tokyo)
A chapter in an edited book
Širca S, Horvat M, 2012, “Statistical Analysis and Modeling of Data”, in Computational Methods for Physicists: Compendium for Students Ed M Horvat Graduate Texts in Physics (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), pp 207–275

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015, “Space Salad Could Soon Be Eaten By Astronauts Aboard The International Space Station” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982, “[Comments on Proposed Changes to DAR Cost Principles and Internal Procedures]”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong H J, 2017 Acrolein Modification of Human Apolipoprotein A-I Impairs Binding to Phosphatidylglycerol and Lipopolysaccharide of Gram-Negative Bacteria, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G, 2011, “Great Pitching, Greater Expectations” New York Times B17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Botvinick, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bianchi and Manfredi, 2009; Botvinick, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianchi and Manfredi, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning B, Planning & Design
AbbreviationEnviron. Plann. B Plann. Des.
ISSN (print)0265-8135
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

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