How to format your references using the Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters K, 2005, “Obituary: Saunders Mac Lane (1909-2005)” Nature 435(7040) 292
A journal article with 2 authors
Li Y, Zhang Z, 2014, “Potential microRNA-mediated oncogenic intercellular communication revealed by pan-cancer analysis” Scientific reports 4 7097
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonneh Y S, Cooperman A, Sagi D, 2001, “Motion-induced blindness in normal observers” Nature 411(6839) 798–801
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Amaral P P, Dinger M E, Mercer T R, Mattick J S, 2008, “The eukaryotic genome as an RNA machine” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5871) 1787–1789

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrington P J, 2010 Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry for Synthesis (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Talent J A ed, 2012 Earth and Life: Global Biodiversity, Extinction Intervals and Biogeographic Perturbations Through Time (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Carey F A, Sundberg R J, 2007, “Electrophilic Additions to Carbon-Carbon Multiple Bonds”, in Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part B: Reactions and Synthesis Ed R J Sundberg Advanced Organic Chemistry (Springer US, Boston, MA), pp 289–365

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design.

Blog post
Hamilton K, 2014, “Every Ship That Has Carried Humans Into Space Scaled Into One Chart” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996, “Job Corps: Comparison of Federal Program With State Youth Training Initiatives”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bornheimer M E, 2010 The influence of leadership development programs on the community college leadership shortage: A case study, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wallace N, 2016, “The G.O.P. Waits for Trump to Grow Up” New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peters, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Zhang, 2014; Peters, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Zhang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Amaral et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning B, Planning & Design
AbbreviationEnviron. Plann. B Plann. Des.
ISSN (print)0265-8135
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

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