How to format your references using the Entrepreneurship & Regional Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entrepreneurship & Regional Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Irion, R. 2000. “AAS HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS DIVISION: X-Rays Hit the Spot for Astrophysicists.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 290 (5498): 1884–1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson, Malin E. V., and Gunnar C. Hansson. 2011. “Microbiology. Keeping Bacteria at a Distance.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6053): 182–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Juyong, Steven P. Gross, and Jooyoung Lee. 2013. “Improved Network Community Structure Improves Function Prediction.” Scientific Reports 3: 2197.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Isayama, T., D. Alexeev, C. L. Makino, I. Washington, K. Nakanishi, and N. J. Turro. 2006. “An Accessory Chromophore in Red Vision.” Nature 443 (7112): 649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, S. F. 2005. Analysis and Design of Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sasaki, Ryoichi, Sihan Qing, Eiji Okamoto, and Hiroshi Yoshiura, eds. 2005. Security and Privacy in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing: IFIP TC11 20th International Information Security Conference May 30 – June 1, 2005, Chiba, Japan. Vol. 181. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Numata, D., T. Kikuchi, M. Sun, K. Kaiho, and K. Takayama. 2009. “Experiment Study of Ejecta Composition in Impact Phenomenon.” In Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 2, edited by Klaus Hannemann and Friedrich Seiler, 821–826. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2015. “How To Win At Rock-Paper-Scissors With Science.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Special Education: Children With Autism. GAO-05-220. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, Vida Jane. 2015. “A Study of the Perceptions of First-Year Teachers as Prepared Classroom Teachers.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “Nassau Has $100 Million for Open Space.” New York Times, January 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Irion 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Irion 2000; Johansson and Hansson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Hansson 2011)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Gross, and Lee 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Isayama et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEntrepreneurship & Regional Development
AbbreviationEntrep.. Reg. Dev.
ISSN (print)0898-5626
ISSN (online)1464-5114
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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