How to format your references using the Entrepreneurship & Regional Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entrepreneurship & Regional Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muchhala, Nathan. 2006. “Nectar Bat Stows Huge Tongue in Its Rib Cage.” Nature 444 (7120): 701–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, Gilbert, and Thomas N. Sherratt. 2002. “Behaviorial Evolution: Does Similarity Breed Cooperation?” Nature 418 (6897): 499–500; discussion 500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Jungsul, Junseong Park, and Chulhee Choi. 2014. “Identification of Phenotype Deterministic Genes Using Systemic Analysis of Transcriptional Response.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4413.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bertoldi, F., W. Altenhoff, A. Weiss, K. M. Menten, and C. Thum. 2006. “The Trans-Neptunian Object UB313 Is Larger than Pluto.” Nature 439 (7076): 563–564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschirhart, Mary, and Wolfgang Bielefeld. 2012. Managing Nonprofit Organizations. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Neuber, Andreas A., ed. 2005. Explosively Driven Pulsed Power: Helical Magnetic Flux Compression Generators. Power Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sierka, Raymond A. 2013. “Activated Carbon Adsorption and Chemical Regeneration in the Food Industry.” In Economic Sustainability and Environmental Protection in Mediterranean Countries through Clean Manufacturing Methods, edited by José Coca-Prados and Gemma Gutiérrez-Cervelló, 93–105. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Could Tooth Regeneration Be Possible In Humans One Day?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Status of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Modernization Program. NSIAD-85-78. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cubarrubia, Archie P. 2009. “Exploring the Influence of External Standards of Institutional Effectiveness on Program Assessment in Student Affairs.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2016. “Bill to Ease Puerto Rico Through $72 Billion Debt Crisis Introduced in House.” New York Times, April 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muchhala 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Muchhala 2006; Roberts and Sherratt 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Sherratt 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Park, and Choi 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bertoldi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEntrepreneurship & Regional Development
AbbreviationEntrep.. Reg. Dev.
ISSN (print)0898-5626
ISSN (online)1464-5114
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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