How to format your references using the Engineering & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. U. Bowie, “Structural biology. Membrane protein twists and turns,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6118, pp. 398–399, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Garczarek and K. Gerwert, “Functional waters in intraprotein proton transfer monitored by FTIR difference spectroscopy,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7072, pp. 109–112, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Kotera, M. Tasaka, and T. Shikanai, “A pentatricopeptide repeat protein is essential for RNA editing in chloroplasts,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7023, pp. 326–330, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. H. Wolpoff, J. Hawks, D. W. Frayer, and K. Hunley, “Modern human ancestry at the peripheries: a test of the replacement theory,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5502, pp. 293–297, Jan. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Kindmann and M. Kraus, Steel Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, 2012.
An edited book
P. Schmüser, Free-Electron Lasers in the Ultraviolet and X-Ray Regime: Physical Principles, Experimental Results, Technical Realization, 2nd ed. 2014., vol. 258. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Setaro, J. P. Suárez, P. Herrera, D. Cruz, and I. Kottke, “Distinct but Closely Related Sebacinales form Mycorrhizae with Coexisting Ericaceae and Orchidaceae in a Neotropical Mountain Area,” in Piriformospora indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications, A. Varma, G. Kost, and R. Oelmüller, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering & Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “10 Greatest Unsolved Mysteries In Physics,” IFLScience, Oct. 10, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Mobile Devices: Federal Agencies’ Steps to Improve Mobile Access to Government Information and Services,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-15-69, Dec. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. M. Evans, “Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Petke Departs, Certain He Gave All That He Could,” New York Times, p. SP9, Oct. 31, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering & Technology
AbbreviationEng. & Technol.
ISSN (print)1750-9637
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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