How to format your references using the Engineering & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kreeger, “Seeking strength in numbers,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6919, p. 194, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. I. Podgornaia and M. T. Laub, “Protein evolution. Pervasive degeneracy and epistasis in a protein-protein interface,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6222, pp. 673–677, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. A. West, I. Pen, and A. S. Griffin, “Cooperation and competition between relatives,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5565, pp. 72–75, Apr. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Delahaye et al., “Low-noise current amplifier based on mesoscopic Josephson junction,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5609, pp. 1045–1048, Feb. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Sadr, Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
A. Craciun and S. Schaffer, Eds., The Material Cultures of Enlightenment Arts and Sciences. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. van der Sloot and F. Zuiderveen Borgesius, “Google and Personal Data Protection,” in Google and the Law: Empirical Approaches to Legal Aspects of Knowledge-Economy Business Models, A. Lopez-Tarruella, Ed. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press, 2012, pp. 75–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering & Technology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Surprisingly Oxygen-Rich Layer Found In Earth’s Ancient Atmosphere 2.7 Billion Years Ago,” IFLScience, 11-May-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Election Reform: Nine States’ Experiences Implementing Federal Requirements for Computerized Statewide Voter Registration Lists,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-247, Feb. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. A. Alalshaikh, “Leadership Styles in Saudi Arabian Universities: Comparison Based on Educational Background,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, E. Schmitt, and M. Mazzetti, “Ousted Saudi Prince Said To Be Confined to Palace,” New York Times, p. A11, 29-Jun-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering & Technology
AbbreviationEng. & Technol.
ISSN (print)1750-9637
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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