How to format your references using the EMBnet.journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EMBnet.journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich O (2010) Brian Marsden (1937-2010). Nature 468 (7327), 1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerman JB and Anastas PT (2015) Chemistry. Toward substitution with no regrets. Science 347 (6227), 1198–1199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnaud-Haond S, Arrieta JM, and Duarte CM (2011) Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents. Science 331 (6024), 1521–1522.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ahumada A, Slusarski DC, Liu X, Moon RT, Malbon CC, et al. (2002) Signaling of rat Frizzled-2 through phosphodiesterase and cyclic GMP. Science 298 (5600), 2006–2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janovy J and Esch GW (2016) A Century of Parasitology John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,.
An edited book
Bini DA, Mehrmann V, Olshevsky V, Tyrtyshnikov EE, and Barel M van eds. (2010) Numerical Methods for Structured Matrices and Applications: The Georg Heinig Memorial Volume Birkhäuser, Basel,.
A chapter in an edited book
Bendaoud M and Sarih M (2014) Additive Maps Preserving the Inner Local Spectral Radius. In: Cepedello BoisoM, HedenmalmH, KaashoekMA, Montes RodríguezA, and TreilS (eds) Concrete Operators, Spectral Theory, Operators in Harmonic Analysis and Approximation: 22nd International Workshop in Operator Theory and its Applications, Sevilla, July 2011. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer, Basel, Basel,pp. 95–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EMBnet.journal.

Blog post
Davis J (2012) Breakthrough For Organ Transplants As Heart Tissue Deep Frozen And Revived. IFLScience (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Maritime Industry: As U.S. Single-Hull Oil Vessels Are Eliminated, Few Double-Hull Vessels May Replace Them U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasbini MA (2017) The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? Lessons for the Local Homebuilding Industry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2007) Hotel Rooms Become Overnight Stars.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingerich, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gingerich, 2010; Zimmerman and Anastas, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimmerman and Anastas, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahumada et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEMBnet.journal
ISSN (online)2226-6089

Other styles