How to format your references using the EMBnet.journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EMBnet.journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling PJ (2007) Genomics. Deep questions in the tree of life. Science 317 (5846), 1875–1876.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaya M and Higuchi H (2010) Nonlinear elasticity and an 8-nm working stroke of single myosin molecules in myofilaments. Science 329 (5992), 686–689.
A journal article with 3 authors
van den Ent F, Amos LA, and Löwe J (2001) Prokaryotic origin of the actin cytoskeleton. Nature 413 (6851), 39–44.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Chu L, Schmidt H, Pu J, Wang S, Ozyilmaz B, et al. (2014) Charge transport in ion-gated mono-, bi-, and trilayer MoS2 field effect transistors. Sci. Rep. 4, 7293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barquinha P, Martins R, Pereira L, and Fortunato E (2012) Transparent Oxide Electronics John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,.
An edited book
Hodler J, Zollikofer CL, and Schulthess GK von eds. (2007) Diseases of the Heart, Chest & Breast: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques 39th International Diagnostic Course in Davos (IDKD) Davos, March 25–30, 2007 Pediatric Satellite Course “Kangaroo” Davos, March 24–25, 2007 Springer, Milano,.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouchekif A, Damnati G, and Charlet D (2013) Complementarity of Lexical Cohesion and Speaker Role Information for Story Segmentation of French TV Broadcast News. In: DediuA-H, Martín-VideC, MitkovR, and TrutheB (eds) Statistical Language and Speech Processing: First International Conference, SLSP 2013, Tarragona, Spain, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg,pp. 51–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EMBnet.journal.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Watch A Redback Spider Try To Take Down A Snake. IFLScience (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baggio BG (2008) Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2007) Crime Lab Gets a Shot in the Arm.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling, 2007; Kaya and Higuchi, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaya and Higuchi, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEMBnet.journal
ISSN (online)2226-6089

Other styles