How to format your references using the EMBnet.journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EMBnet.journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dando M (2009) Biologists napping while work militarized. Nature 460 (7258), 950–951.
A journal article with 2 authors
Song WJ and Tezcan FA (2014) A designed supramolecular protein assembly with in vivo enzymatic activity. Science 346 (6216), 1525–1528.
A journal article with 3 authors
Innocenti P, Morrow EH, and Dowling DK (2011) Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science 332 (6031), 845–848.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Lei Z, Liu X, Wu Yuan, Wang Hui, Jiang S, et al. (2018) Enhanced strength and ductility in a high-entropy alloy via ordered oxygen complexes. Nature 563 (7732), 546–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavé A (2012) Modeling Living Systems John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,.
An edited book
Caivano D, Oivo M, Baldassarre MT, and Visaggio G eds. (2011) Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 12th International Conference, PROFES 2011, Torre Canne, Italy, June 20-22, 2011. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,.
A chapter in an edited book
Caron A, Rabe U, Rödel J, and Arnold W (2007) Near-Field Acoustical Imaging using Lateral Bending Mode of Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers. In: AndréMP, AkiyamaI, AndreM, ArnoldWalter, BamberJ, et al. (eds) Acoustical Imaging. Acoustical Imaging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, Dordrecht,pp. 31–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EMBnet.journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Rare Species Of Deep-Diving Whale Discovered. IFLScience (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Federal Air Marshal Service: Additional Actions Needed to Ensure Air Marshals’ Mission Readiness U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes MA (2017) Cognitive science approaches to actor training: Interrogating conceptual language.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2012) Jenna Miranda and Mitch Meyers.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dando, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dando, 2009; Song and Tezcan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Song and Tezcan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lei et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEMBnet.journal
ISSN (online)2226-6089

Other styles