How to format your references using the Educación Química citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educación Química. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clutton-Brock, T. (2007). Sexual selection in males and females. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858), 1882–1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, J., & Nam, K. H. (2002). Regulation of brassinosteroid signaling by a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1299–1301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T. W., Spiller, D. A., & Losos, J. B. (2001). Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations. Nature, 412(6843), 183–186.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lens, L., Van Dongen, S., Norris, K., Githiru, M., & Matthysen, E. (2002). Avian persistence in fragmented rainforest. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1236–1238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller, G., & Ponick, B. (2005). Grundlagen elektrischer Maschinen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hoppe, R. (Ed.). (2014). Optimization with PDE Constraints: ESF Networking Program “OPTPDE” (Vol. 101). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Huebner, A. R., Somparn, P., Benjachat, T., Leelahavanichkul, A., Avihingsanon, Y., Fenton, R. A., & Pisitkun, T. (2015). Exosomes in Urine Biomarker Discovery. In Y. Gao (Ed.), Urine Proteomics in Kidney Disease Biomarker Discovery (pp. 43–58). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educación Química.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, September 27). Strange Cloud Turns Out to Be Butterflies Migrating. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Intercollegiate Athletics: Trends by Sport in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports, an E-supplement to GAO-07-535 (GAO-07-744SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanag, H. B. (2017). Building bridges of hope after loss: A self-directed workbook for foster parents [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conklin, K. (2005, January 9). Honest Work, Honest Pay. New York Times, 14NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clutton-Brock, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Clutton-Brock, 2007; Li & Nam, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Nam, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Schoener et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lens et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducación Química
ISSN (print)0187-893X
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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