How to format your references using the Educación Médica Superior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educación Médica Superior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Costandi M. Neurodegeneration: amyloid awakenings. Nature. 2013 May 23;497(7450):S19-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott A, Gitschel U. German scientists left in the cold as Berlin rejects rescue plan. Nature. 2000 Aug 17;406(6797):663–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amorisco NC, Evans NW, van de Ven G. The remnant of a merger between two dwarf galaxies in Andromeda II. Nature. 2014 Mar 20;507(7492):335–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Q, Du Q, Jiao T, Zhang Z, Wang S, Sun Q, et al. Rationally designed porous polystyrene encapsulated zirconium phosphate nanocomposite for highly efficient fluoride uptake in waters. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2551.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fink JK. Metallized and Magnetic Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Dawant BM, Christensen GE, Fitzpatrick JM, Rueckert D, editors. Biomedical Image Registration: 5th International Workshop, WBIR 2012, Nashville, TN, USA, July 7-8, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XII, 308 p. 138 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7359).
A chapter in an edited book
Heinemann L. Epidemiology of Selected Diseases in Women. In: Lewis MA, Dietel M, Scriba PC, Raff WK, editors. Biology und Epidemiology of Hormone Replacement Therapy: Discussions on Post-Menopausal Health. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 47–54. (Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop Supplement 13).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educación Médica Superior.

Blog post
Andrew E. Turtle Extinction Event Bodes Ill For Our Waterways [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: Preliminary Information on Challenges to Ensuring the Integrity of Drug Testing Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-220T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills Campbell D. Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Azarenka Pulls Out of the Open Over a Custody Dispute. New York Times. 2017 Aug 21;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEducación Médica Superior
ISSN (print)0864-2141
ISSN (online)1561-2902

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