How to format your references using the Educación Médica Superior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educación Médica Superior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perutz RN. Chemistry. A catalytic foothold for fluorocarbon reactions. Science. 2008 Aug 29;321(5893):1168–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Otterstrom JJ, van Oijen AM. Biochemistry. Nudging through a nucleosome. Science. 2009 Jul 31;325(5940):547–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pack CC, Berezovskii VK, Born RT. Dynamic properties of neurons in cortical area MT in alert and anaesthetized macaque monkeys. Nature. 2001;414(6866):905–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Packer C, Ikanda D, Kissui B, Kushnir H. Conservation biology: lion attacks on humans in Tanzania. Nature. 2005 Aug 18;436(7053):927–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kushner R, Lawrence V, Kumar S. Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Olsthoorn X, Wieczorek AJ, editors. Understanding Industrial Transformation: Views from Different Disciplines. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. XX, 226 p. (Environment & Policy; vol. 44).
A chapter in an edited book
Volchkov VV, Volchkov VV. Non-Euclidean Analogues of Plane Waves. In: Volchkov VV, editor. Harmonic Analysis of Mean Periodic Functions on Symmetric Spaces and the Heisenberg Group. London: Springer; 2009. p. 135–52. (Springer Monographs in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educación Médica Superior.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Public Health Scholars Should Study Pornography. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. P.L. 480 Title I Transportation Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Nov. Report No.: T-NSIAD-90-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCready M. Examining the Role of Community Capacity for Sustainable Water Planning through Local Urban Governance: A Case Study Analysis of Waukesha, Wisconsin [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard M. Lessons From a Master Shopper. New York Times. 2013 Dec 5;E14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEducación Médica Superior
ISSN (print)0864-2141
ISSN (online)1561-2902

Other styles