How to format your references using the E&G Quaternary Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E&G Quaternary Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manolopoulos, D. E.: Reaction dynamics. Bending or breaking the rules?, Science, 296, 664, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, J. and Druker, B.: Genomics: the breast cancer landscape, Nature, 486, 328–329, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weir, A. A. S., Chappell, J., and Kacelnik, A.: Shaping of hooks in New Caledonian crows, Science, 297, 981, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Biskup, C., Kusch, J., Schulz, E., Nache, V., Schwede, F., Lehmann, F., Hagen, V., and Benndorf, K.: Relating ligand binding to activation gating in CNGA2 channels, Nature, 446, 440–443, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dallas, H. J.: Mastering the Challenges of Leading change, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
Baldassarre, G. and Mirolli, M. (Eds.): Computational and Robotic Models of the Hierarchical Organization of Behavior, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, VI, 358 p. 116 illus., 73 illus. in color pp., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Yannopoulos, A., Christodoulou, Y., Bountris, E., Savrami, K., and Douza, M.: Metadata, Domain Specific Languages and Visualisations as Internal Artifacts Driving an Agile Knowledge Engineering Methodology, in: Metadata and Semantics Research: 7th Research Conference, MTSR 2013, Thessaloniki, Greece, November 19-22, 2013. Proceedings, edited by: Garoufallou, E. and Greenberg, J., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 22–34, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E&G Quaternary Science Journal.

Blog post
Bacteria 2.0:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Improved Reporting Needed on National Aeronautics and Space Administration Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapman, T. W.: Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W.: Pension Ruling in Detroit Echoes West to California, New York Times, 4th December, A20, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manolopoulos, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Manolopoulos, 2002; Gray and Druker, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray and Druker, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Biskup et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleE&G Quaternary Science Journal
ISSN (print)0424-7116
ISSN (online)2199-9090

Other styles