How to format your references using the E&G Quaternary Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E&G Quaternary Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodenough, J. B.: Oxide-ion conductors by design, Nature, 404(6780), 821, 823, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Humler, E. and Besse, J.: A correlation between mid-ocean-ridge basalt chemistry and distance to continents, Nature, 419(6907), 607–609, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nandal, P., Ravella, S. R. and Kuhad, R. C.: Laccase production by Coriolopsis caperata RCK2011: optimization under solid state fermentation by Taguchi DOE methodology, Sci. Rep., 3, 1386, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Maeshima, Y., Sudhakar, A., Lively, J. C., Ueki, K., Kharbanda, S., Kahn, C. R., Sonenberg, N., Hynes, R. O. and Kalluri, R.: Tumstatin, an endothelial cell-specific inhibitor of protein synthesis, Science, 295(5552), 140–143, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorsey, J. R.: Y-Size Your Business, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2009.
An edited book
Schenk, M.: Factory Planning Manual: Situation-Driven Production Facility Planning, edited by S. Wirth and E. Müller, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, D., Zhang, H. and Bao, H.: Non-uniform Differential Mesh Deformation, in Advances in Computer Graphics: 24th Computer Graphics International Conference, CGI 2006, Hangzhou, China, June 26-28, 2006. Proceedings, edited by T. Nishita, Q. Peng, and H.-P. Seidel, pp. 54–65, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E&G Quaternary Science Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: This Ultrathin “Invisibility Cloak” Makes It Impossible To See Microscopic Objects, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reevaluation Needed of Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villegas, B.: The optimization and characterization of superconducting magnesium diboride thin films, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J.: Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk, New York Times, 1st March, B6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodenough, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goodenough, 2000; Humler and Besse, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Humler and Besse, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeshima et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleE&G Quaternary Science Journal
ISSN (print)0424-7116
ISSN (online)2199-9090

Other styles