How to format your references using the E&G Quaternary Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E&G Quaternary Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eagleman, D. M.: Comment on “The involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex in the experience of regret,” Science, 308(5726), 1260; author reply 1260, 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, H.-J. and Friston, K.: Structural and functional brain networks: from connections to cognition, Science, 342(6158), 1238411, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balazs, A. C., Emrick, T. and Russell, T. P.: Nanoparticle polymer composites: where two small worlds meet, Science, 314(5802), 1107–1110, 2006.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Laughlin, G., Deming, D., Langton, J., Kasen, D., Vogt, S., Butler, P., Rivera, E. and Meschiari, S.: Rapid heating of the atmosphere of an extrasolar planet, Nature, 457(7229), 562–564, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazzi, B.: Treasury Finance and Development Banking, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2013.
An edited book
Gaag, L. C. van der, Ed.: Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 12th European Conference, ECSQARU 2013, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 8-10, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Hart, S. G. E.: Safety Pharmacology of Drugs for the Urinary Tract, in Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays, edited by H. G. Vogel, F. J. Hock, J. Maas, and D. Mayer, pp. 95–140, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E&G Quaternary Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Fight, Flight Or … Faint? Why Some People Pass Out When They See Blood Or Feel Pain, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Communications Commission: MDS and ITFS Two-Way Transmissions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, H.: Three Papers on the Sociology of Initial Public Offerings (IPOs), Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Resetting the Post-Scalia Supreme Court, New York Times, 18th February, A25, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatter, 2000; Perkel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Friston, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuwabata et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleE&G Quaternary Science Journal
ISSN (print)0424-7116
ISSN (online)2199-9090

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