How to format your references using the E&G Quaternary Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E&G Quaternary Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowen, G. J.: Ocean science. A faster water cycle, Science, 332(6028), 430–431, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hart, D. M. and Branscomb, L. M.: Research, innovation and politics, Nature, 407(6804), 561–562, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kunchulia, M., Pilz, K. S. and Herzog, M. H.: Small effects of smoking on visual spatiotemporal processing, Sci. Rep., 4, 7316, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Ilani, S., Martin, J., Teitelbaum, E., Smet, J. H., Mahalu, D., Umansky, V. and Yacoby, A.: The microscopic nature of localization in the quantum Hall effect, Nature, 427(6972), 328–332, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szpankowski, W.: Average Case Analysis of Algorithms on Sequences, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2001.
An edited book
Garcia-Alfaro, J., Navarro-Arribas, G., Cuppens-Boulahia, N. and Roudier, Y., Eds.: Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneous Security: 4th International Workshop, DPM 2009 and Second International Workshop, SETOP 2009, St. Malo, France, September 24-25, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Guex, J., Galster, F. and Hammer, Ø.: Transgressive-Regressive Cycles and Benthic Foraminifera, in Discrete Biochronological Time Scales, edited by F. Galster and Ø. Hammer, pp. 51–55, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E&G Quaternary Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Lopsided Star Explosion Helps Unravel Mystery Of Supernova, IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Chief Information Officers: Implementing Effective CIO Organizations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, N.: High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J.: The Fighter and the Fight, New York Times, 6th January, MB8, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bowen, 2011; Hart and Branscomb, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hart and Branscomb, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Ilani et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleE&G Quaternary Science Journal
ISSN (print)0424-7116
ISSN (online)2199-9090

Other styles