How to format your references using the E&G Quaternary Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E&G Quaternary Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doherty, R.: Retrospective. Robert W. Cahn (1924-2007) and David Turnbull (1915-2007), Science, 317(5834), 56–57, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto, R. M. and Pollard, D.: Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2, Nature, 421(6920), 245–249, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwartz, J. H., Tattersall, I. and Chi, Z.: Comment on “A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the evolutionary biology of early Homo,” Science, 344(6182), 360, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Roy, P. J., Stuart, J. M., Lund, J. and Kim, S. K.: Chromosomal clustering of muscle-expressed genes in Caenorhabditis elegans, Nature, 418(6901), 975–979, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman, C., Fiore, C., Livolsi, L. and Querro, P.: Supply Chain Management and Business Performance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2017.
An edited book
Miller, M. K., Blumenthal, J. A. and Chamberlain, J., Eds.: Handbook of Community Sentiment, Springer, New York, NY., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ash, J. M.: Victor Shapiro and the Theory of Uniqueness for Multiple Trigonometric Series, in Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Complex Analysis, Banach Spaces, and Operator Theory (Volume 1): Celebrating Cora Sadosky’s life, edited by M. C. Pereyra, S. Marcantognini, A. M. Stokolos, and W. Urbina, pp. 123–132, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E&G Quaternary Science Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J.: We Are Now In “Uncharted Territory” As Climate Change Continues Into 2017, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget, M. A.: Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Other School Districts Offered State Intervention, New York Times, 10th February, LI2, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doherty, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (DeConto and Pollard, 2003; Doherty, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeConto and Pollard, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Roy et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleE&G Quaternary Science Journal
ISSN (print)0424-7116
ISSN (online)2199-9090

Other styles