How to format your references using the E&G Quaternary Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E&G Quaternary Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saunders, J.: Physics. A glassy state of supersolid helium, Science, 324(5927), 601–602, 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panian, J. and Wiltschko, D.: Ramp initiation in a thrust wedge, Nature, 427(6975), 624–627, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sivars, U., Aivazian, D. and Pfeffer, S. R.: Yip3 catalyses the dissociation of endosomal Rab-GDI complexes, Nature, 425(6960), 856–859, 2003.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Caudron, M., Bunt, G., Bastiaens, P. and Karsenti, E.: Spatial coordination of spindle assembly by chromosome-mediated signaling gradients, Science, 309(5739), 1373–1376, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R. and McShane, E. J.: Differential and Integral Calculus, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 1988.
An edited book
Becchi, C. M.: Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics: Special Relativity, Quantum and Statistical Physics, 2nd Edition., edited by M. D’Elia, Springer, Milano., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Fox, D.: Canada: Community, Reintegration, Restoration and Aboriginal Responses, in Cultural Perspectives on Youth Justice: Connecting Theory, Policy and International Practice, edited by E. Arnull and D. Fox, pp. 111–130, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E&G Quaternary Science Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Indulgent-Sounding Food Labels Could Make Us Eat More Vegetables, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ADP Procurement: DOD’s Approach to Providing Logistics Data on Compact Disk Is Justified, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schneider, S. Z.: Mercury sources and cycling processes in the Cape Fear River estuary, North Carolina, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC., 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chapman, M. M.: Packard, 81, Is a Youngster to Its Driver, New York Times, 10th July, AU1, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saunders, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Panian and Wiltschko, 2004; Saunders, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Panian and Wiltschko, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Caudron et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleE&G Quaternary Science Journal
ISSN (print)0424-7116
ISSN (online)2199-9090

Other styles