How to format your references using the Drugs in R&D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs in R&D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ball P. Meet the spin doctors. Nature. 2000;404:918–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Breitkreutz A, Tyers M. Cell signaling. A sophisticated scaffold wields a new trick. Science. 2006;311:789–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Goes S, Capitanio FA, Morra G. Evidence of lower-mantle slab penetration phases in plate motions. Nature. 2008;451:981–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Duan X, Huang Y, Cui Y, Wang J, Lieber CM. Indium phosphide nanowires as building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Nature. 2001;409:66–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. DiMaio MS, Fox JE, Mahoney MJ. Prenatal Diagnosis: Cases & Clinical Challenges. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Dohi T, Liao H, editors. Computer Aided Surgery: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Aided Surgery, Bangkok, Thailand, August 2011, Proceedings. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gass T, Székely G, Goksel O. Semi-supervised Segmentation Using Multiple Segmentation Hypotheses from a Single Atlas. In: Menze BH, Langs G, Lu L, Montillo A, Tu Z, Criminisi A, editors. Medical Computer Vision Recognition Techniques and Applications in Medical Imaging: Second International MICCAI Workshop, MCV 2012, Nice, France, October 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs in R&D.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Grow Miniature Brains From Skin Cells Of Autistic Patients [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computers: Information on the Patent and Trademark Office Automation Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-86-4FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Williams-Newball TI. Domain, Community and Practice: An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Communities of Practice and Professional Identity Among Veterinarians [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Krauss C, Schwartz J. Views on State Dept. Pick Hinge on Oil Industry. New York Times. 2016 Dec 14;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs in R&D
AbbreviationDrugs R. D.
ISSN (print)1174-5886
ISSN (online)1179-6901

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