How to format your references using the Drugs in R&D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs in R&D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kuypers MMM. Microbiology: A division of labour combined. Nature. 2015;528:487–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Catalan G, Scott JF. Magnetoelectrics: is CdCr2S4 a multiferroic relaxor? Nature. 2007;448:E4-5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pelupessy P, Rennella E, Bodenhausen G. High-resolution NMR in magnetic fields with unknown spatiotemporal variations. Science. 2009;324:1693–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Anway MD, Cupp AS, Uzumcu M, Skinner MK. Epigenetic transgenerational actions of endocrine disruptors and male fertility. Science. 2005;308:1466–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Biech E. 101 More Ways to Make Training Active. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Collins T, Meredith D, Volk A, editors. Mathematics and Computation in Music: 5th International Conference, MCM 2015, London, UK, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mulkidjanian AY. Abiotic Photosynthesis. In: Gargaud M, Amils R, Quintanilla JC, Cleaves HJ (jim), Irvine WM, Pinti DL, et al., editors. Encyclopedia of Astrobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 1–3.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs in R&D.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. A Handshake In Space Changed US-Russia Relations: How Long Will It Last? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: 149845.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Matthews LK. The impact of trait displaced aggression and social support on cardiovascular reactivity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodara S. Leadership on View in ‘ArtWalk’ Near West Point. New York Times. 2015 May 31;WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs in R&D
AbbreviationDrugs R. D.
ISSN (print)1174-5886
ISSN (online)1179-6901

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