How to format your references using the Drugs & Therapy Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs & Therapy Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lawler A. ASIAN-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: Harbinger of a Litigious Future? Science. 2000;290:1076.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schappacher M, Deffieux A. Synthesis of macrocyclic copolymer brushes and their self-assembly into supramolecular tubes. Science. 2008;319:1512–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pesaran B, Nelson MJ, Andersen RA. Free choice activates a decision circuit between frontal and parietal cortex. Nature. 2008;453:406–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yasuda S, Sugiura H, Katsurabayashi S, Shimada T, Tanaka H, Takasaki K, et al. Activation of Rheb, but not of mTORC1, impairs spine synapse morphogenesis in tuberous sclerosis complex. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lane C. Magnolia. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Lin S, Huang X, editors. Advanced Research on Computer Education, Simulation and Modeling: International Conference, CESM 2011, Wuhan, China, June 18-19, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vafadar S, Abdollahzadeh Barfourosh A. Towards Requirement Analysis Pattern for Learning Agents. In: Weyns D, Gleizes M-P, editors. Agent-Oriented Software Engineering XI: 11th International Workshop, AOSE 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 10-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 79–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs & Therapy Perspectives.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Bonobo Study Reveals Our Ancestors Likely Had Less Body Fat and More Muscle Mass [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/bonobo-dissections-reveal-selection-pressures-our-ancestors/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Analysis of the Loan Interest Subsidy and Grant Methods of Financing Construction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Mar. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ho L. Determination of Ibuprofen Isotherm Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. No Smoke, No Mirrors: The Dutch Pension Plan. New York Times. 2014 Oct 12;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs & Therapy Perspectives
AbbreviationDrugs Ther. Perspect.
ISSN (print)1172-0360
ISSN (online)1179-1977
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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