How to format your references using the Drugs & Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs & Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Loder N. Uproar at Oxford as suspended professor returns to work. Nature. 2000;404:214.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hu J, Yu M-F. Meniscus-confined three-dimensional electrodeposition for direct writing of wire bonds. Science. 2010;329:313–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Marsh AG, Maxson RE Jr, Manahan DT. High macromolecular synthesis with low metabolic cost in Antarctic sea urchin embryos. Science. 2001;291:1950–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Boucher P, Gotthardt M, Li W-P, Anderson RGW, Herz J. LRP: role in vascular wall integrity and protection from atherosclerosis. Science. 2003;300:329–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ferguson N, Schneier B, Kohno T. Cryptography Engineering. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Ramaré O. Arithmetical Aspects of the Large Sieve Inequality. Ramana DS, editor. Gurgaon: Hindustan Book Agency; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Biswas D, Mitra D. Green Techniques in Gas Chromatography. In: Inamuddin, Mohammad A, editors. Green Chromatographic Techniques: Separation and Purification of Organic and Inorganic Analytes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 103–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs & Aging.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Species Of Terror Bird Discovered in Argentina. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Evacuation Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: RCED-93-165R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Reehal G. Designing Low Power and High Performance Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures for Nanometer SoCs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Roach M. Faces in the Crowd. New York Times. 2010 Oct 10;BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs & Aging
AbbreviationDrugs Aging
ISSN (print)1170-229X
ISSN (online)1179-1969
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles