How to format your references using the Drug Discovery Today: Therapeutic Strategies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Discovery Today: Therapeutic Strategies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bolnick DI. Intraspecific competition favours niche width expansion in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 2001;410:463–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Takano Y, Ukezono M. An experimental task to examine the mirror system in rats. Sci Rep 2014;4:6652.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kilner RM, Madden JR, Hauber ME. Brood parasitic cowbird nestlings use host young to procure resources. Science 2004;305:877–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Leininger S, Urich T, Schloter M, Schwark L, Qi J, Nicol GW, et al. Archaea predominate among ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes in soils. Nature 2006;442:806–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hens H. Applied Building Physics. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Dong Z, Yin X-M, editors. Essentials of Apoptosis: A Guide for Basic and Clinical Research. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mohd Rani N, Yusoff MF, Kamaruzaman MF. Theoretical Framework Study on Formgiving Mobile Education Game Design Technology. In: Hassan OH, Abidin SZ, Legino R, Anwar R, Kamaruzaman MF, editors. International Colloquium of Art and Design Education Research (i-CADER 2014), Singapore: Springer; 2015, p. 47–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Discovery Today: Therapeutic Strategies.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. The UAE Wants To Build A City On Mars By 2117. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/uae-build-city-mars-2117/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Frisbee KL. The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. A Game That Turned Nixon Into a Factoid. New York Times 2010:WK2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Discovery Today: Therapeutic Strategies
AbbreviationDrug Discov. Today Ther. Strateg.
ISSN (print)1740-6773
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmacology

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