How to format your references using the Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Voelkle MC. Social psychology. Comment on “Morality in everyday life.” Science 2015;348:767.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Koch C, Reid RC. Neuroscience: Observatories of the mind. Nature 2012;483:397–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gregoire LJ, Payne AJ, Valdes PJ. Deglacial rapid sea level rises caused by ice-sheet saddle collapses. Nature 2012;487:219–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yin Q, Jacobsen SB, Yamashita K, Blichert-Toft J, Télouk P, Albarède F. A short timescale for terrestrial planet formation from Hf-W chronometry of meteorites. Nature 2002;418:949–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bonnet P. Enterprise Data Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Becher T. Introduction to Soft-Collinear Effective Theory. vol. 896. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Anastassiou GA, Argyros IK. Implicit Iterative Algorithms and Their Applications in Multivariate Calculus. In: Argyros IK, editor. Intelligent Numerical Methods II: Applications to Multivariate Fractional Calculus, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 63–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. US-Born NASA Scientist Detained At Airport And Told To Hand Over Smartphone. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/usborn-nasa-scientist-detained-at-airport-and-told-to-hand-over-smartphone/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Archibald GA. Regionalizing competitive talent: An exploratory study of the role of human capital management in the context of economic integration and labor mobility. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Goldstein M, Abrams R, Protess B. Private Equity Hits Close to Home. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Discovery Today: Disease Models
AbbreviationDrug Discov. Today Dis. Models
ISSN (print)1740-6757
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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