How to format your references using the Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Buffett BA. Geophysics. The thermal state of Earth’s core. Science 2003;299:1675–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wang K, Mittleman DM. Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding. Nature 2004;432:376–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Freimund DL, Aflatooni K, Batelaan H. Observation of the Kapitza-Dirac effect. Nature 2001;413:142–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gibbs HL, Sorenson MD, Marchetti K, Brooke MD, Davies NB, Nakamura H. Genetic evidence for female host-specific races of the common cuckoo. Nature 2000;407:183–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bragg SM. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Lu JJ, Brady LW, editors. Decision Making in Radiation Oncology. vol. 0. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Fliss DM, Gil Z. The Subcranial Approach to the Anterior Skull Base. In: Gil Z, editor. Atlas of Surgical Approaches to Paranasal Sinuses and the Skull Base, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016, p. 139–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Young Human Blood Rejuvenates Old Mice. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/young-human-blood-rejuvenates-old-mice/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, But Much Work Remains to Avoid Disruption of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Calhoun GF. Limit theory for overfit models. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dyson ME. Charlottesville and the Bigotocracy. New York Times 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Discovery Today: Disease Models
AbbreviationDrug Discov. Today Dis. Models
ISSN (print)1740-6757
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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