How to format your references using the Drug Discovery Today: Disease Mechanisms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Mechanisms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Baker M. Antibody anarchy: A call to order. Nature 2015;527:545–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sanderson WC, Scherbov S. Average remaining lifetimes can increase as human populations age. Nature 2005;435:811–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ohbayashi M, Ohki K, Miyashita Y. Conversion of working memory to motor sequence in the monkey premotor cortex. Science 2003;301:233–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dong YH, Wang LH, Xu JL, Zhang HB, Zhang XF, Zhang LH. Quenching quorum-sensing-dependent bacterial infection by an N-acyl homoserine lactonase. Nature 2001;411:813–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Biegelman MT. Faces of Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Jacobs K. Social Media, Parties, and Political Inequalities. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Howard AM, Remy S, Hyuk Park C, Won Park H, Brooks D. Intelligent Robotics for Assistive Healthcare and Therapy. In: Sukhatme G, editor. The Path to Autonomous Robots: Essays in Honor of George A. Bekey, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009, p. 1–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Mechanisms.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Amazon Founder’s Rocket Company Will Be Launching From Florida. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. TV Marti: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Martinez Abadia JM. French for Spanish speakers: A contrastive study of English monolingual, bilingual, and plurilingual adult learners of French. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Branch J. The Deflategate Scientists Unlock Their Lab. New York Times 2016:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Discovery Today: Disease Mechanisms
AbbreviationDrug Discov. Today Dis. Mech.
ISSN (print)1740-6765
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles