How to format your references using the Discrete & Computational Geometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discrete & Computational Geometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, M.: Science in culture: Leonardo lifts off. Nature. 421, 792 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert, K.A., Thompson, M.B.: Sex determination. Viviparous lizard selects sex of embryos. Nature. 412, 698–699 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanada, K.-I., Yewdell, J.W., Yang, J.C.: Immune recognition of a human renal cancer antigen through post-translational protein splicing. Nature. 427, 252–256 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Joh, H.M., Choi, J.Y., Kim, S.J., Chung, T.H., Kang, T.-H.: Effect of additive oxygen gas on cellular response of lung cancer cells induced by atmospheric pressure helium plasma jet. Sci. Rep. 4, 6638 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, T.: Low Impact Building. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford (2013)
An edited book
Brown, J.M., Mehta, M.P., Nieder, C. eds: Multimodal Concepts for Integration of Cytotoxic Drugs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Mérida, I., Carrasco, S., Avila-Flores, A.: Diacylglycerol Signaling: The C1 Domain, Generation of DAG, and Termination of Signals. In: Kazanietz, M.G. (ed.) Protein Kinase C in Cancer Signaling and Therapy. pp. 55–78. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discrete & Computational Geometry.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: How Saturn’s Shepherd Moons Herd Its Rings,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Designation of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Computer Facility as a Federal Scientific Data Processing Center Could Save Millions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morissette, T.M.: Elder friendliness and social participation of older adults living within age-segregated retirement communities, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B.: Monkey Throwing Darts Loses a Faithful Disciple, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscrete & Computational Geometry
AbbreviationDiscrete Comput. Geom.
ISSN (print)0179-5376
ISSN (online)1432-0444
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Geometry and Topology
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles