How to format your references using the Discrete & Computational Geometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discrete & Computational Geometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKay, C.P.: Planetary science. Biologically reversible exploration. Science. 323, 718 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, M.A., Fry, S.C.: Vitamin C degradation in plant cells via enzymatic hydrolysis of 4-O-oxalyl-L-threonate. Nature. 433, 83–87 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill, R.J., Ramos-Rodriguez, O., Raine, N.E.: Combined pesticide exposure severely affects individual- and colony-level traits in bees. Nature. 491, 105–108 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamane, Y., Hemmatiyan, S., Ieda, J., Maekawa, S., Sinova, J.: Spinmotive force due to motion of magnetic bubble arrays driven by magnetic field gradient. Sci. Rep. 4, 6901 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clarke, A., Thompson, A., Jenkinson, E., Rumsey, N., Newell, R.: CBT for Appearance Anxiety. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford (2013)
An edited book
Ginley, D.S. ed: Handbook of Transparent Conductors. Springer US, Boston, MA (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Vashchenko, V.A., Shibkov, A.: ESD Clamps. In: Shibkov, A. (ed.) ESD Design for Analog Circuits. pp. 155–212. Springer US, Boston, MA (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discrete & Computational Geometry.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Cost Increases Trigger Review and Place Program’s Direction on Hold. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Restrepo, E.: Eventalizing blackness in Colombia, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M.: Tight Tony Battles and Sure Bets, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscrete & Computational Geometry
AbbreviationDiscrete Comput. Geom.
ISSN (print)0179-5376
ISSN (online)1432-0444
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Geometry and Topology
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles