How to format your references using the Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doebley, J. (2006). Plant science. Unfallen grains: how ancient farmers turned weeds into crops. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1318–1319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasteris, J. D., & Wopenka, B. (2002). Laser-Raman spectroscopy: images of the Earth’s earliest fossils? Nature, 420(6915), 476–477; discussion 477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema, F. J., Filip, A. T., & van Wees, B. J. (2001). Electrical spin injection and accumulation at room temperature in an all-metal mesoscopic spin valve. Nature, 410(6826), 345–348.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Öztürk, B., de Jaeger, L., Smidt, H., & Sipkema, D. (2013). Culture-dependent and independent approaches for identifying novel halogenases encoded by Crambe crambe (marine sponge) microbiota. Scientific Reports, 3, 2780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullard, B. (2016). Style and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johnson, M. E. (Ed.). (2009). Managing Information Risk and the Economics of Security. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Jousselme, A.-L., & Maupin, P. (2016). Uncertainty Representations for Information Retrieval with Missing Data. In G. Rogova & P. Scott (Eds.), Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management: Higher Level Fusion and Decision Making (pp. 87–104). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 23). Scientists In Germany Just Switched On The World’s Largest “Artificial Sun.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program (GAO-05-324). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schutt, R. (2010). Topics in model-based population inference [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Halbfinger, D. M., & Hubbard, B. (2017, September 7). Airstrikes on Syrian Sites Renew Focus on Chemical Arms. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doebley, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Doebley, 2006; Pasteris & Wopenka, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasteris & Wopenka, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Jedema et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Öztürk et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education
ISSN (print)0159-6306
ISSN (online)1469-3739
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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