How to format your references using the Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, B. (2014). Perspective: if not funding then teaching. Nature, 511(7510), S81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron, J. L., & Bynum, W. F. (2003). 1903 and all that. Nature, 421(6918), 15–18.
A journal article with 3 authors
Childers, S. E., Ciufo, S., & Lovley, D. R. (2002). Geobacter metallireducens accesses insoluble Fe(III) oxide by chemotaxis. Nature, 416(6882), 767–769.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Meibom, K. L., Blokesch, M., Dolganov, N. A., Wu, C.-Y., & Schoolnik, G. K. (2005). Chitin induces natural competence in Vibrio cholerae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1824–1827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner, M. (2009). Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Helleseth, T., Sarwate, D., Song, H.-Y., & Yang, K. (Eds.). (2005). Sequences and Their Applications - SETA 2004: Third International Conference, Seoul, Korea, October 24-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3486). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Portela, A. (2013). Identity, Inclusion and Leadership. In E. Ottesen & R. Precey (Eds.), Leadership for Inclusive Education: Values, Vision and Voices (pp. 35–45). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 13). Chris Hadfield Performs ‘Space Oddity.’ Retrieved October 30, 2018, from‘space-oddity’/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2010 Expenditure Plan (No. GAO-10-539). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashrafzadeh, M. H. (2008). Provision of community services for the mentally challenged population in Iran (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2011, March 18). Living With the Sweet Smell of Sap. New York Times, p. C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmidt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron & Bynum, 2003; Schmidt, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heilbron & Bynum, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Childers, Ciufo, & Lovley, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Meibom, Blokesch, Dolganov, Wu, & Schoolnik, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education
ISSN (print)0159-6306
ISSN (online)1469-3739
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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