How to format your references using the Diamond & Related Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diamond & Related Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Gerber, Heinrich Rohrer (1933-2013), Nature. 499 (2013) 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.M. Bauleo, J.R. Martino, The dawn of the particle astronomy era in ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, Nature. 458 (2009) 847–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.C. Martinson, M.S. Anderson, R. de Vries, Scientists behaving badly, Nature. 435 (2005) 737–738.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Choi, U.I. Scholl, P. Yue, P. Björklund, B. Zhao, C. Nelson-Williams, W. Ji, Y. Cho, A. Patel, C.J. Men, E. Lolis, M.V. Wisgerhof, D.S. Geller, S. Mane, P. Hellman, G. Westin, G. Åkerström, W. Wang, T. Carling, R.P. Lifton, K+ channel mutations in adrenal aldosterone-producing adenomas and hereditary hypertension, Science. 331 (2011) 768–772.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.D. George, T.G. Donley, P.M. Preshaw, Ultrasonic Periodontal Debridement, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
D. Fensel, M. Kerrigan, M. Zaremba, eds., Implementing Semantic Web Services: The SESA Framework, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R.K. Rai, A. Upadhyay, C.S.P. Ojha, V.P. Singh, Pattern Changes in Climatic Variables, in: A. Upadhyay, C.S.P. Ojha, V.P. Singh (Eds.), The Yamuna River Basin: Water Resources and Environment, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 61–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diamond & Related Materials.

Blog post
J. Davis, Researchers Create Regenerative Tooth Fillings, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Review of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.C. Manley Lima, Commuter Students’ Social Integration: The Relationship Between Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Sense of Belonging, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J. de la MERCED, Walmart to Acquire Bonobos for $310 Million, New York Times. (2017) B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiamond & Related Materials
AbbreviationDiam. Relat. Mater.
ISSN (print)0925-9635
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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