How to format your references using the Deutsches Ärzteblatt citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deutsches Ärzteblatt. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diebold AC. Applied physics. Subsurface imaging with scanning ultrasound holography. Science. 2005 Oct 7;310(5745):61–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harrisingh MC, Nitabach MN. Circadian rhythms. Integrating circadian timekeeping with cellular physiology. Science. 2008 May 16;320(5878):879–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tucker SA, Hanuscin DL, Bearnes CJ. The pipeline. Igniting girls’ interest in science. Science. 2008 Mar 21;319(5870):1621–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dupuy AJ, Akagi K, Largaespada DA, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA. Mammalian mutagenesis using a highly mobile somatic Sleeping Beauty transposon system. Nature. 2005 Jul 14;436(7048):221–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker HK, English P. Capital Budgeting Valuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Müller-Schloer C, Karl W, Yehia S, editors. Architecture of Computing Systems - ARCS 2010: 23rd International Conference, Hannover, Germany, February 22-25, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XIII, 247 p. 105 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5974).
A chapter in an edited book
Ogawa K, Sterken E, Tokutsu I. Multiple Bank Relationships and the Main Bank System: Evidence from a Matched Sample of Japanese Small Firms and Main Banks. In: Calcagnini G, Saltari E, editors. The Economics of Imperfect Markets: The Effects of Market Imperfections on Economic Decision-Making. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009. p. 73–90. (Contributions to Economics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deutsches Ärzteblatt.

Blog post
Luntz S. Outstanding Jurassic Fossils Rediscovered After More Than 100 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Dec. Report No.: GAO-15-158.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brugna RA. Augmenting the clinical clerkship curriculum of a physician assistant training program with distance education technology: Educational outcomes and student perceptions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B, Coscarelli J. It’s Adele vs. Beyoncé. New York Times. 2017 Feb 9;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDeutsches Ärzteblatt
ISSN (print)0012-1207

Other styles