How to format your references using the Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faigman, David L. 2002. “Science and the Law. Is Science Different for Lawyers?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5580): 339–340.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanchez, Pedro A., and M. S. Swaminathan. 2005. “Public Health. Cutting World Hunger in Half.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5708): 357–359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weisbuch, Max, Kristin Pauker, and Nalini Ambady. 2009. “The Subtle Transmission of Race Bias via Televised Nonverbal Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5960): 1711–1714.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Honma, Sato, Takeshi Kawamoto, Yumiko Takagi, Katsumi Fujimoto, Fuyuki Sato, Mitsuhide Noshiro, Yukio Kato, and Ken-Ichi Honma. 2002. “Dec1 and Dec2 Are Regulators of the Mammalian Molecular Clock.” Nature 419 (6909): 841–844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, Roger M., Daan Nieboer, and Jolanta Misiewicz. 2014. Fat-Tailed Distributions: Volume 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yu, Mao-Hong. 2012. Computational Plasticity: With Emphasis on the Application of the Unified Strength Theory. Edited by Jian-Chun Li. Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meng, Ellis, Xin Zhang, and William Benard. 2011. “Additive Processes for Polymeric Materials.” In MEMS Materials and Processes Handbook, edited by Reza Ghodssi and Pinyen Lin, 193–271. MEMS Reference Shelf. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. “We Are Now In ‘Uncharted Territory’ As Climate Change Continues Into 2017.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Summer Youth Jobs Program: Congressional Action Has Increased Emphasis on Remedial Education. HRD-88-118. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teater, Merle R. 2009. “Reentry and Reintegration: A Grant Proposal for Formerly Incarcerated Women.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben, and Eric Schmitt. 2017. “State Crumbling, ISIS Is Reclaiming Insurgent Roots.” New York Times, July 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faigman 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Faigman 2002; Sanchez and Swaminathan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanchez and Swaminathan 2005)
  • Three authors: (Weisbuch, Pauker, and Ambady 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Honma et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleDebatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe
ISSN (print)0965-156X
ISSN (online)1469-3712
Cultural Studies

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