How to format your references using the Dairy Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Epstein IR (2007) Chemistry. Can droplets and bubbles think? Science 315:775–776
A journal article with 2 authors
Germain RN, Paul WE (2011) Baruj Benacerraf (1920-2011). Nature 477:34
A journal article with 3 authors
Jalili R, Razal JM, Wallace GG (2013) Wet-spinning of PEDOT:PSS/functionalized-SWNTs composite: a facile route toward production of strong and highly conducting multifunctional fibers. Sci Rep 3:3438
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Guria AK, Dey K, Sarkar S, et al (2014) Tuning the growth pattern in 2D confinement regime of Sm2O3 and the emerging room temperature unusual superparamagnetism. Sci Rep 4:6514

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan RM (2013) Problem Solving and Data Analysis using Minitab. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Wolfson N, Lerner A, Roshal L (eds) (2016) Orthopedics in Disasters: Orthopedic Injuries in Natural Disasters and Mass Casualty Events. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Donnevert G, Uhlig S, Moser T (2009) Ring Test Data Evaluation. In: Moser H, Römbke J (eds) Ecotoxicological Characterization of Waste: Results and Experiences of an International Ring Test. Springer, New York, NY, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy Science & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Neutron Star is Lord of the Rings. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Digital Television Transition: Preliminary Information on Progress of the DTV Transition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards DH (2017) Why Do They Get High?: An Examination of Social Bond Theory and Substance Use in College. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Ex-Fox Hosts Engage in Feud On Settlement. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Epstein 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Epstein 2007; Germain and Paul 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Germain and Paul 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Guria et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy Science & Technology
AbbreviationDairy Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1958-5586
ISSN (online)1958-5594
ScopeFood Science

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