How to format your references using the Dairy Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forró L (2000) NANOTECHNOLOGY: Beyond Gedanken Experiments. Science 289:560–561
A journal article with 2 authors
Horn PJ, Peterson CL (2002) Molecular biology. Chromatin higher order folding--wrapping up transcription. Science 297:1824–1827
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpern BS, Cottenie K, Broitman BR (2006) Strong top-down control in southern California kelp forest ecosystems. Science 312:1230–1232
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xia W, Qiu B, Xia D, Zou R (2013) Facile preparation of hierarchically porous carbons from metal-organic gels and their application in energy storage. Sci Rep 3:1935

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malcolm D (2012) The British and Irish Short Story Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Stranieri A (2005) Knowledge Discovery from Legal Databases. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas S (2016) The Places of the Subject: Abjection and the Transcendent City in Nada and La plaça del Diamant. In: Cordoba A, García-Donoso D (eds) The Sacred and Modernity in Urban Spain: Beyond the Secular City. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 79–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy Science & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Five Ways To Make Your Child a Creative Genius. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Comments on CRS Direct Loan Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown CE (2013) Sources for the reevaluation of George Frederick Root’s career: The autobiography & a secular cantata. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dynarski S (2017) With a Crucial Tool Disabled, Financial Aid Applications Get Harder. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forró 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Forró 2000; Horn and Peterson 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horn and Peterson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy Science & Technology
AbbreviationDairy Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1958-5586
ISSN (online)1958-5594
ScopeFood Science

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