How to format your references using the Dairy Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Margolis HS (2013) Physics. How big is the proton? Science 339:405–406
A journal article with 2 authors
Cerdán PD, Chory J (2003) Regulation of flowering time by light quality. Nature 423:881–885
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen IA, Roberts RW, Szostak JW (2004) The emergence of competition between model protocells. Science 305:1474–1476
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang DY, Turberfield AJ, Yurke B, Winfree E (2007) Engineering entropy-driven reactions and networks catalyzed by DNA. Science 318:1121–1125

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2007) Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-startup Safety Reviews. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kang SG (2013) Multi-Agent Based Beam Search for Real-Time Production Scheduling and Control: Method, Software and Industrial Application. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Whitchurch C (2015) The Rise of Third Space Professionals: Paradoxes and Dilemmas. In: Teichler U, Cummings WK (eds) Forming, Recruiting and Managing the Academic Profession. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 79–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy Science & Technology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Lost Medieval City Discovered On England-Wales Border. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/lost-medieval-city-discovered-on-englandwales-border/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Telecommunications: Comprehensive Review of U.S. Spectrum Management with Broad Stakeholder Involvement Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zurheide PK (2009) Hydromorphology of anomalous bright loamy soils on the mid-Atlantic coastal plain. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S (2017) For Mothers Seeking Office, a Familiar Double Standard. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Margolis 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cerdán and Chory 2003; Margolis 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cerdán and Chory 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy Science & Technology
AbbreviationDairy Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1958-5586
ISSN (online)1958-5594
ScopeFood Science
Biochemistry

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