How to format your references using the Dairy Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dairy Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gratton E (2011) Applied physics. Deeper tissue imaging with total detection. Science 331:1016–1017
A journal article with 2 authors
Lopes I, Silk J (2010) Neutrino spectroscopy can probe the dark matter content in the Sun. Science 330:462
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhlen M, Madau P, Silk J (2009) Exploring dark matter with Milky Way substructure. Science 325:970–973
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang KC, Kim JA, Sivasankaran R, et al (2002) P75 interacts with the Nogo receptor as a co-receptor for Nogo, MAG and OMgp. Nature 420:74–78

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas J, Noy EA (2010) Building Surveys and Reports. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Lin CY-Y (2011) National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Gatehouse A, Ferry N (2012) Successes and Failures in Plant-Insect Interactions: Is it Possible to Stay One Step Ahead of the Insects? In: Smagghe G, Diaz I (eds) Arthropod-Plant Interactions: Novel Insights and Approaches for IPM. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 89–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dairy Science & Technology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Website Claims To Be Able To Reveal Your Torrenting History To Anyone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Gas Pipeline Safety: Views on Proposed Legislation to Reauthorize Pipeline Safety Provisions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grant JA (2015) Far-field noise from a rotor in a wind tunnel. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alexander K (2008) Fry, Baby. New York Times MM77

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gratton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lopes and Silk 2010; Gratton 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lopes and Silk 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleDairy Science & Technology
AbbreviationDairy Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1958-5586
ISSN (online)1958-5594
ScopeFood Science

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