How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Genetics & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Genetics & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnabel J: Secrets of the shaking palsy. Nature 2010, 466:S2-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulin PR, Nelson KA: Irreversible organic crystalline chemistry monitored in real time. Science 2006, 313:1756–1760.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ledderose J, Dieter S, Schwarz MK: Maturation of postnatally generated olfactory bulb granule cells depends on functional γ-protocadherin expression. Sci Rep 2013, 3:1514.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pang W-W, Zhang P, Zhang G-C, Xu A-G, Zhao X-G: Nucleation and growth mechanisms of hcp domains in compressed iron. Sci Rep 2014, 4:5273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson RJ, Groundwater PW, Todd A, Worsley AJ: Antibacterial Agents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Paul G, Vaudenay S (Eds): Progress in Cryptology – INDOCRYPT 2013: 14th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Mumbai, India, December 7-10, 2013. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Awrejcewicz J, Krysko VA: Dynamic Loss of Stability of Rectangular Shells. In Chaos in Structural Mechanics. Edited by Krys’ko VA. Springer; 2008:123–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Genetics & Development.

Blog post
Andrew E: Kepler Finds More ‘Earth-Like Planets’, But Are They Really Like Earth? IFLScience 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Status, Progress, and Problems in Federal Agency Accounting 1969 Annual Report. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman CL: Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G: A Personal Loss for a Hofstra Alumnus. New York Times 2009,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Genetics & Development
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Genet. Dev.
ISSN (print)0959-437X
ISSN (online)1879-0380
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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