How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Genetics & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Genetics & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C: What matters for science is who runs the country. Nature 2012, 488:559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang X, Su H: Cuprate-like electronic properties in superlattices with Ag(II)F₂ square sheet. Sci Rep 2014, 4:5420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ebel C, Mariconti L, Gruissem W: Plant retinoblastoma homologues control nuclear proliferation in the female gametophyte. Nature 2004, 429:776–780.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu Z-Y, Li C, Liang H-W, Zhang Y-N, Wang X, Chen J-F, Yu S-H: Carbon nanofiber aerogels for emergent cleanup of oil spillage and chemical leakage under harsh conditions. Sci Rep 2014, 4:4079.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilbao S: Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Ferré N, Filatov M, Huix-Rotllant M (Eds): Density-Functional Methods for Excited States. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Moulart R, Rotinat R: Evaluation of the Penalized Least Squares Method for Strain Computation. In Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. Edited by Sciammarella C, Considine J, Gloeckner P. Springer International Publishing; 2016:43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Genetics & Development.

Blog post
Luntz S: Birds Use Vortices For Elegant Flight. IFLScience 2015,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Need for Additional Bilingual Education Teachers and the Availability of Training Programs To Prepare Them for Classroom Service. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert M: Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Creswell J, Walsh MW: When Your Life Insurance Gets Sick. New York Times 2016,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Genetics & Development
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Genet. Dev.
ISSN (print)0959-437X
ISSN (online)1879-0380
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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