How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Genetics & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Genetics & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spitzer NC: DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROSCIENCE. Neurotransmitter-tailored dendritic trees. Science 2015, 350:510–511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwarzman MR, Wilson MP: Science and regulation. New science for chemicals policy. Science 2009, 326:1065–1066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leung AKW, Nagai K, Li J: Structure of the spliceosomal U4 snRNP core domain and its implication for snRNP biogenesis. Nature 2011, 473:536–539.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee DS, Lee JS, Oh SH, Kim SK, Kim JW, Chung JK, Lee MC, Kim CS: Cross-modal plasticity and cochlear implants. Nature 2001, 409:149–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrows GE, Tyrl RJ: Toxic Plants of North America. Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Athreya S (Ed): Demystifying Interventional Radiology: A Guide for Medical Students. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nichols JD, Karanth KU, O’Connell AF: Science, Conservation, and Camera Traps. In Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses. Edited by O’Connell AF, Nichols JD, Karanth KU. Springer Japan; 2011:45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Genetics & Development.

Blog post
Fang J: Gravity Saved the Universe After the Big Bang. IFLScience 2014,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: OMB Can Make More Effective Use of Its Investment Reviews. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shen H: Organization -employee relationships model: A two -sided story. 2009,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B: Dylan’s Tapes Find a Direction Home. New York Times 2016,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Genetics & Development
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Genet. Dev.
ISSN (print)0959-437X
ISSN (online)1879-0380
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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