How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lyon BE. Egg recognition and counting reduce costs of avian conspecific brood parasitism. Nature 2003;422:495–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller J, Müller CW. Structural biology: Enzyme-chromatin complex visualized. Nature 2014;514:572–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karner MB, DeLong EF, Karl DM. Archaeal dominance in the mesopelagic zone of the Pacific Ocean. Nature 2001;409:507–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Santagata S, Boggon TJ, Baird CL, Gomez CA, Zhao J, Shan WS, et al. G-protein signaling through tubby proteins. Science 2001;292:2041–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Golding P. Next Generation Wireless Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Bornstein BH, Tomkins AJ, editors. Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust. vol. 62. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Håkonsson DD, Obel B, Burton RM. Rational Emotionality: Integrating Emotions into Psychological Climate. In: Burton RM, Eriksen B, Håkonsson DD, Knudsen T, Snow CC, editors. Designing Organizations: 21st Century Approaches, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008, p. 59–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science.

Blog post
Davis J. NASA To Invest In Eco-Friendly Commercial Supersonic Jets. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Executive Guide: Leading Practices in Capital Decision-Making (Supersedes AIMD-98-110). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley KM. Dynamics of Creativity: A Study of Early Drug Discovery Scientists’ Experience of Creativity. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Museo Drive. New York Times 2010:M256.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci.
ISSN (print)1359-0294
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles