How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutcliffe JS. Genetics. Insights into the pathogenesis of autism. Science 2008;321:208–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tarasov L, Peltier WR. Arctic freshwater forcing of the Younger Dryas cold reversal. Nature 2005;435:662–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
van de Waal E, Borgeaud C, Whiten A. Potent social learning and conformity shape a wild primate’s foraging decisions. Science 2013;340:483–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ito K, Bernardi R, Morotti A, Matsuoka S, Saglio G, Ikeda Y, et al. PML targeting eradicates quiescent leukaemia-initiating cells. Nature 2008;453:1072–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raheja DG, Allocco M. Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Zhu Q, Gould J, Li Y, Ma C, editors. Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture and Water Supply. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiersinga WM. Smoking and Prevention of Thyroid Eye Disease. In: Douglas RS, McCoy AN, Gupta S, editors. Thyroid Eye Disease, New York, NY: Springer; 2015, p. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. Our Experiments Taught Us Why People Troll. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: State Department Needs To Make Fundamental Improvements To Its Year 2000 Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander M. Reasoning processes used by paramedics to solve clinical problems. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nuila R. Medical Misfits. New York Times 2017:SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci.
ISSN (print)1359-0294
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles