How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pickett G. Superfluidity. A new twist to an old story. Nature 2000;404:450–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim E, Chan MHW. Observation of superflow in solid helium. Science 2004;305:1941–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cortright RD, Davda RR, Dumesic JA. Hydrogen from catalytic reforming of biomass-derived hydrocarbons in liquid water. Nature 2002;418:964–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim HD, Shay T, O’Shea EK, Regev A. Transcriptional regulatory circuits: predicting numbers from alphabets. Science 2009;325:429–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utsuro M, Ignatovich VK. Handbook of Neutron Optics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Shetgiri R. Practical Strategies for Clinical Management of Bullying. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lemle E, Bomkamp K, Williams MK, Cutbirth E. Virtual Reality and the Future of Entertainment. In: Bomkamp K, Williams MK, Cutbirth E, editors. Two Bit Circus and the Future of Entertainment, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 25–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. FDA Grants Approval for New Robotic Surgical Aid. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Library of Congress Needs to Implement Recommendations to Address Management Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich JB. Guinevere takes her seat at the Round Table—or does she? Moving a primary Western myth forward. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Bob Dylan Responds, Elliptically, to His Nobel Prize After a Two-Week Silence. New York Times 2016:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci.
ISSN (print)1359-0294
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles