How to format your references using the Culture, Health & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Culture, Health & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, Volker. 2008. “Astronomy. The Cosmic Rosetta Stone.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5889): 647–648.
A journal article with 2 authors
Udvardi, Michael K., and Wolf-Rüdiger Scheible. 2005. “Plant Science. GRAS Genes and the Symbiotic Green Revolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5729): 1749–1750.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parry, Martin, Jason Lowe, and Clair Hanson. 2009. “Overshoot, Adapt and Recover.” Nature 458 (7242): 1102–1103.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ebenesersdóttir, S. Sunna, Marcela Sandoval-Velasco, Ellen D. Gunnarsdóttir, Anuradha Jagadeesan, Valdís B. Guðmundsdóttir, Elísabet L. Thordardóttir, Margrét S. Einarsdóttir, et al. 2018. “Ancient Genomes from Iceland Reveal the Making of a Human Population.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6392): 1028–1032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll, Constance, Antti Pirnes, and Withers LLP. 2009. From Innovation to Cash Flows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morrison, Ron, and Flavio Oquendo, eds. 2005. Software Architecture: 2nd European Workshop, EWSA 2005, Pisa, Italy, June 13-14, 2005. Proceedings. Vol. 3527. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Riboni, Daniele, and Claudio Bettini. 2009. “Context-Aware Activity Recognition through a Combination of Ontological and Statistical Reasoning.” In Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 6th International Conference, UIC 2009, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-9, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Daqing Zhang, Marius Portmann, Ah-Hwee Tan, and Jadwiga Indulska, 39–53. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Culture, Health & Sexuality.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Corporate Climate Scientists: Advocates For Science Or Protectors Of Status Quo?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Office of Education’s Basic Grant Program Can Be Improved. HRD-77-91. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winkelhake, Brett. 2015. “Verbal Argumentativeness: A Study of Retail Store Managers.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilefsky, Dan. 2012. “Romanian President Survives Ouster Bid.” New York Times, July 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm 2008; Udvardi and Scheible 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Udvardi and Scheible 2005)
  • Three authors: (Parry, Lowe, and Hanson 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ebenesersdóttir et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCulture, Health & Sexuality
AbbreviationCult. Health Sex.
ISSN (print)1369-1058
ISSN (online)1464-5351
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles