How to format your references using the Culture, Health & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Culture, Health & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, Volker. 2008. “Astronomy. The Cosmic Rosetta Stone.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5889): 647–648.
A journal article with 2 authors
Price, D. J., and S. Rosswog. 2006. “Producing Ultrastrong Magnetic Fields in Neutron Star Mergers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5774): 719–722.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji, Satoru, Naoki Kiyohara, and Tomoya Higo. 2015. “Large Anomalous Hall Effect in a Non-Collinear Antiferromagnet at Room Temperature.” Nature 527 (7577): 212–215.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Op den Camp, Rik, Arend Streng, Stéphane De Mita, Qingqin Cao, Elisa Polone, Wei Liu, Jetty S. S. Ammiraju, et al. 2011. “LysM-Type Mycorrhizal Receptor Recruited for Rhizobium Symbiosis in Nonlegume Parasponia.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6019): 909–912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhmer, Estella. 2015. Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hüschelrath, Kai, and Heike Schweitzer, eds. 2014. Public and Private Enforcement of Competition Law in Europe: Legal and Economic Perspectives. Vol. 48. ZEW Economic Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fraley, Stephanie I., Christopher M. Hale, Ryan J. Bloom, Alfredo Celedon, Jerry S. H. Lee, and Denis Wirtz. 2011. “Intra- and Extracellular Microrheology of Endothelial Cells in a 3D Matrix.” In Biophysical Regulation of Vascular Differentiation and Assembly, edited by Sharon Gerecht, 69–87. Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Culture, Health & Sexuality.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Thousands Of Relics Recovered From Ancient Mexican City.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Entitlement to the Transportation of Dependents. B-197463. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bathon, Justin M. 2008. “Examining the Characteristics of School Leaders and of Local Schools Where Indiana Educational Leadership Preparation Programs Place Their Graduates.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Leland, John. 2016. “World Chess Smackdown! Be There!” New York Times, November 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm 2008; Price and Rosswog 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Price and Rosswog 2006)
  • Three authors: (Nakatsuji, Kiyohara, and Higo 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Op den Camp et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCulture, Health & Sexuality
AbbreviationCult. Health Sex.
ISSN (print)1369-1058
ISSN (online)1464-5351
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles