How to format your references using the Culture, Health & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Culture, Health & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lusk, Chris. 2003. “Plant Ecology: Tree-Species Competition and Coexistence.” Nature 422 (6932): 580–581; discussion 852.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braakman, Ineke, and Mieko Otsu. 2008. “Biochemistry. Cargo Load Reduction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5888): 499–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho, Mildred K., Glenn McGee, and David Magnus. 2006. “Research Conduct. Lessons of the Stem Cell Scandal.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5761): 614–615.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Neumüller, Ralph A., Joerg Betschinger, Anja Fischer, Natascha Bushati, Ingrid Poernbacher, Karl Mechtler, Stephen M. Cohen, and Juergen A. Knoblich. 2008. “Mei-P26 Regulates MicroRNAs and Cell Growth in the Drosophila Ovarian Stem Cell Lineage.” Nature 454 (7201): 241–245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexander, Michael, and John Walkenbach. 2012. 101 Ready-to-Use Excel® Macros. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reddy, V. Ratna. 2015. Life-Cycle Cost Approach for Management of Environmental Resources: A Primer. Edited by Mathew Kurian and Reza Ardakanian. SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, Hemanth, and Abdul Rahman. 2016. “Handling Inputs and Events.” In Rapid Game Development Using Cocos2d-JS: An End-to-End Guide to 2D Game Development Using JavaScript, edited by Abdul Rahman, 41–48. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Culture, Health & Sexuality.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “What I Learned From Debating Science With Trolls.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Could Do More to Help States Better Define Graduation Rates and Improve Knowledge about Intervention Strategies. GAO-05-879. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castaneda Martinez, Nohemi E. 2013. “Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to Improve Reunification Rates in Sonoma County: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oppel, Richard A., Jr., and Richard Pérez-Peña. 2016. “Chicago Releases Videos of Police Shootings.” New York Times, June 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lusk 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lusk 2003; Braakman and Otsu 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braakman and Otsu 2008)
  • Three authors: (Cho, McGee, and Magnus 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Neumüller et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCulture, Health & Sexuality
AbbreviationCult. Health Sex.
ISSN (print)1369-1058
ISSN (online)1464-5351
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles