How to format your references using the Culture, Health & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Culture, Health & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. 2000. “NUCLEAR ESPIONAGE: Report Details Spying on Touring Scientists.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288 (5475): 2300–2301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hering, Janet G., and Karin M. Ingold. 2012. “Water Management. Water Resources Management: What Should Be Integrated?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6086): 1234–1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraschiv-Ionescu, Anisoara, Eric Buchser, and Kamiar Aminian. 2013. “Unraveling Dynamics of Human Physical Activity Patterns in Chronic Pain Conditions.” Scientific Reports 3: 2019.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Choi, K. S., H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble. 2008. “Mapping Photonic Entanglement into and out of a Quantum Memory.” Nature 452 (7183): 67–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chance, Don M. 2008. Essays in Derivatives. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay, Chiranjit, K. B. Akhilesh, R. Srinivasan, Anjula Gurtoo, Parthasarathy Ramachandran, Parameshwar P. Iyer, M. Mathirajan, and M. H. Bala Subrahmanya, eds. 2013. Driving the Economy through Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Emerging Agenda for Technology Management. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Gdawiec, Krzysztof. 2014. “Mandelbrot- and Julia-Like Rendering of Polynomiographs.” In Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2014, Warsaw, Poland, September 15-17, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Leszek J. Chmielewski, Ryszard Kozera, Bok-Suk Shin, and Konrad Wojciechowski, 25–32. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Culture, Health & Sexuality.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Why Urban Myths About Education Are So Persistent – And How To Tackle Them.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Developing and Using Questionnaires. 130587. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, Nancie A. 2010. “Adults Who Have Learning Disabilities: Transition from GED to Postsecondary Activities.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2008. “Supreme Court to Decide Whether Rape of a Child Merits Death.” New York Times, January 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff 2000; Hering and Ingold 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hering and Ingold 2012)
  • Three authors: (Paraschiv-Ionescu, Buchser, and Aminian 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Choi et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCulture, Health & Sexuality
AbbreviationCult. Health Sex.
ISSN (print)1369-1058
ISSN (online)1464-5351
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles