How to format your references using the Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young, E.D., 2007. Geochemistry. Strange water in the solar system. Science 317, 211–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teotónio, H., Rose, M.R., 2000. Variation in the reversibility of evolution. Nature 408, 463–466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kramer, G., Guilbride, D.L., Bukau, B., 2015. Cell Biology. Finding nascent proteins the right home. Science 348, 182–183.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marx, S.O., Kurokawa, J., Reiken, S., Motoike, H., D’Armiento, J., Marks, A.R., Kass, R.S., 2002. Requirement of a macromolecular signaling complex for beta adrenergic receptor modulation of the KCNQ1-KCNE1 potassium channel. Science 295, 496–499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S., 2010. Computational Photonics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dalpiaz, F., Dix, J., Riemsdijk, M.B. van (Eds.), 2014. Engineering Multi-Agent Systems: Second International Workshop, EMAS 2014, Paris, France, May 5-6, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, D., 2007. Dermal Fillers, in: Goldberg, D.J. (Ed.), Facial Rejuvenation: A Total Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 105–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. How New Hepatitis C Drugs Could Tackle Liver Cancer, Too [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Budget: Analysis of SSA’s Fiscal Year 1988 Information Technology Systems Request (No. IMTEC-87-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Macy, P., 2017. Underachievement in Gifted Students: Understanding Perceptions of Educational Experiences, Attitudes Toward School, and Teacher Training (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. The Legacies They Left. New York Times 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Teotónio and Rose, 2000; Young, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teotónio and Rose, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Marx et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1138-5758
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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