How to format your references using the Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron, J.L., 2013. History: The path to the quantum atom. Nature 498, 27–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gano, S., Kinzler, R., 2011. SPORE series winner. Bringing the museum into the classroom. Science 331, 1028–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas, P., Liu, M.C., Matthews, B.C., 2004. Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science 303, 1990–1992.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schwenk, J., Metz, M., Zolles, G., Turecek, R., Fritzius, T., Bildl, W., Tarusawa, E., Kulik, A., Unger, A., Ivankova, K., Seddik, R., Tiao, J.Y., Rajalu, M., Trojanova, J., Rohde, V., Gassmann, M., Schulte, U., Fakler, B., Bettler, B., 2010. Native GABA(B) receptors are heteromultimers with a family of auxiliary subunits. Nature 465, 231–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bma, 2013. Everyday Medical Ethics and Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Maheshwari, D.K. (Ed.), 2011. Plant Growth and Health Promoting Bacteria, Microbiology Monographs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheltsov, I., 2014. Del Pezzo Surfaces and Local Inequalities, in: Cheltsov, I., Ciliberto, C., Flenner, H., McKernan, J., Prokhorov, Y.G., Zaidenberg, M. (Eds.), Automorphisms in Birational and Affine Geometry: Levico Terme, Italy, October 2012, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. 3D Printed Airway Saves Toddler’s Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Public Transportation: Improvements Are Needed to More Fully Assess Predicted Impacts of New Starts Projects (No. GAO-08-844). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
French, D.C., 2012. A Case against E-Waste: Where One Country’s Trash is (Not) Another Country’s Treasure: Developing National E-Waste Legislation to Regulate E-Waste Exportation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Winerip, M., 2015. In Beatings, Inmates Feared a ‘Captain America.’ New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heilbron, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gano and Kinzler, 2011; Heilbron, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gano and Kinzler, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Schwenk et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1138-5758
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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