How to format your references using the Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connerney, J., 2013. Solar system: Saturn’s ring rain. Nature 496, 178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitman, N.C.A., Jørgensen, P.M., 2002. Estimating the size of the world’s threatened flora. Science 298, 989.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szemenyei, H., Hannon, M., Long, J.A., 2008. TOPLESS mediates auxin-dependent transcriptional repression during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Science 319, 1384–1386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pascal, J.M., O’Brien, P.J., Tomkinson, A.E., Ellenberger, T., 2004. Human DNA ligase I completely encircles and partially unwinds nicked DNA. Nature 432, 473–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landragin, F., 2013. Man-Machine Dialogue. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Kim, K.J., Chung, K.-Y. (Eds.), 2013. IT Convergence and Security 2012, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiang, A., Witkin, A.J., Regillo, C.D., Ho, A.C., 2011. Fundus Imaging of Age-Related Macular Degeneration, in: Ho, A.C., Regillo, C.D. (Eds.), Age-Related Macular Degeneration Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 39–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. World’s Deepest Cave-Dwelling Centipede is Named After Hades [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Needed to Address Credit Union Systems’ Year 2000 Problem (No. AIMD-98-48). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S., 2005. The Influence of Product Involvement and Fan Identification on Response to Team Sponsors’ Products (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D., 1994. Sex and Drugs and Mick and Keith. New York Times 737.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Connerney, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Connerney, 2013; Pitman and Jørgensen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitman and Jørgensen, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pascal et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1138-5758
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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