How to format your references using the Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollen, G., 2012. Chemistry. Measuring the heaviest atoms. Science 337, 1183–1184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bobrow, M., Thomas, S., 2000. Patents in a genetic age. Nature 409, 763–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Y., Lee, C.C., Ribbe, M.W., 2011. Extending the carbon chain: hydrocarbon formation catalyzed by vanadium/molybdenum nitrogenases. Science 333, 753–755.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsieh, T.-F., Ibarra, C.A., Silva, P., Zemach, A., Eshed-Williams, L., Fischer, R.L., Zilberman, D., 2009. Genome-wide demethylation of Arabidopsis endosperm. Science 324, 1451–1454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein, R.L., 2011. Kinetics of Enzyme Action. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carnell, J., 2007. Pro Apache Struts with Ajax. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Doss, C., 2014. If Women Hold Up Half the Sky, How Much of the World’s Food Do They Produce?, in: Quisumbing, A.R., Meinzen-Dick, R., Raney, T.L., Croppenstedt, A., Behrman, J.A., Peterman, A. (Eds.), Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Does An Anomaly In The Earth’s Magnetic Field Portend A Coming Pole Reversal? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Evaluation of NASA Compliance With Congressional Reprogramming Requirements (No. MASAD-82-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Short, D.D., 2009. Assessing effectiveness and economic efficiency in California Community College transfer advising (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2017. A Conductor Celebrates Monteverdi’s 450th. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bollen, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bobrow and Thomas, 2000; Bollen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bobrow and Thomas, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsieh et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1138-5758
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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