How to format your references using the Crystal Growth & Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crystal Growth & Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. Internet Is the New Key for Restructured Film Institute. Nature 2000, 406 (6796), 553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brecht, M.; Schmitz, D. Neuroscience. Rules of Plasticity. Science 2008, 319 (5859), 39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Gaal, L. F.; Mertens, I. L.; De Block, C. E. Mechanisms Linking Obesity with Cardiovascular Disease. Nature 2006, 444 (7121), 875–880.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, P. Y. T.; Caspi, L.; Lam, C. K. L.; Chari, M.; Li, X.; Light, P. E.; Gutierrez-Juarez, R.; Ang, M.; Schwartz, G. J.; Lam, T. K. T. Upper Intestinal Lipids Trigger a Gut-Brain-Liver Axis to Regulate Glucose Production. Nature 2008, 452 (7190), 1012–1016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rigo, M. Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 2; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies, 1st ed.; Bertocchi, M., Consigli, G., Dempster, M. A. H., Eds.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; Vol. 163.
A chapter in an edited book
Webb, A. A. R.; Robertson, F. C. Calcium Signals in the Control of Stomatal Movements. In Coding and Decoding of Calcium Signals in Plants; Luan, S., Ed.; Baluška, F., Vivanco, J., Series Eds.; Signaling and Communication in Plants; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crystal Growth & Design.

Blog post
Fang, J. CT Scan Reveals Hernia In Korean Mummy (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Accounting for Automatic Data Processing Costs Needs Improvement; FGMSD-78-14; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kory, R. Development of an Educational Seminar for College Female Athletes, Coaches, Athletic Directors and Parents on the Female Athlete Triad. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Phillips-Sandy, M. Follow Me, Follow My Mom. New York Times. December 28, 2013, p A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCrystal Growth & Design
AbbreviationCryst. Growth Des.
ISSN (print)1528-7483
ISSN (online)1528-7505
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles