How to format your references using the Crystal Growth & Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crystal Growth & Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rocha, E. P. C. Evolution. With a Little Help from Prokaryotes. Science 2013, 339 (6124), 1154–1155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodrigues, A. R.; Tabin, C. J. Developmental Biology. Deserts and Waves in Gene Expression. Science 2013, 340 (6137), 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cavazzana-Calvo, M.; Thrasher, A.; Mavilio, F. The Future of Gene Therapy. Nature 2004, 427 (6977), 779–781.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, W.; Jiang, B.; Xiong, W.; Sun, H.; Lin, Z.; Hu, L.; Tu, J.; Hou, J.; Zhu, H.; Jiao, S. A New Cathode Material for Super-Valent Battery Based on Aluminium Ion Intercalation and Deintercalation. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vanbésien, O. Artificial Materials; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Graphene-Based Polymer Nanocomposites in Electronics; Sadasivuni, K. K., Ponnamma, D., Kim, J., Thomas, S., Eds.; Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Germanakos, P.; Belk, M. Personalization Categories and Adaptation Technologies. In Human-Centred Web Adaptation and Personalization: From Theory to Practice; Belk, M., Ed.; Human–Computer Interaction Series; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 103–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crystal Growth & Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Japanese Laboratory Fires World’s Most Powerful Laser (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research and Development: Contributions to and Results of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program; GAO-01-766R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Love, K. S. Factors Infleuncing Job Satisfaction in Nurses. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices to Consider Impact of Mental Illness on Death Penalty. New York Times. January 6, 2007, p A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCrystal Growth & Design
AbbreviationCryst. Growth Des.
ISSN (print)1528-7483
ISSN (online)1528-7505
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles