How to format your references using the Crystal Growth & Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crystal Growth & Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, G. Ensuring the Data-Rich Future of the Social Sciences. Science 2011, 331 (6018), 719–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, M. H.; vom Saal, F. S. Maternal Age and Traits in Offspring. Nature 2000, 407 (6803), 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, S.; Yanchulova, P.; Thiemens, M. H. Mass-Independent Oxygen Isotopic Partitioning during Gas-Phase SiO2 Formation. Science 2013, 342 (6157), 463–466.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Siveter, D. J.; Sutton, M. D.; Briggs, D. E. G.; Siveter, D. J. An Ostracode Crustacean with Soft Parts from the Lower Silurian. Science 2003, 302 (5651), 1749–1751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh, R. Broadband Wireless Communications Business; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Balanced Automation Systems for Future Manufacturing Networks: 9th IFIP WG 5.5 International Conference, BASYS 2010, Valencia, Spain, July 21-23, 2010. Proceedings; Ortiz, Á., Franco, R. D., Gasquet, P. G., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 322.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazaki, T.; Ishikura, K.; Honda, A.; Ra, S.-G.; Komine, S.; Miyamoto, Y.; Ohmori, H.; Matsuzaki, Y. Increased N-Acetyltaurine in Serum and Urine After Endurance Exercise in Human. In Taurine 9; Marcinkiewicz, J., Schaffer, S. W., Eds.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crystal Growth & Design.

Blog post
Andrew, D. How An Old Antidepressant Could Provide The Next Brain Cancer Breakthrough (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s 1996 Financial Statements; AIMD-98-30; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, A. K. Beyond Leveraged Purchasing: Using Strengthened Buyer/Supplier Relationships to Accomplish Sustainable Strategic Sourcing and Smarter Single Source Acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. A Great Goal for the United States, But Not the First or Only Great One. New York Times. June 27, 2010, p SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCrystal Growth & Design
AbbreviationCryst. Growth Des.
ISSN (print)1528-7483
ISSN (online)1528-7505
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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