How to format your references using the Crop & Pasture Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop & Pasture Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom BR (2000) On the particularity of pathogens. Nature 406, 760–761.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stengel M, Spaldin NA (2006) Origin of the dielectric dead layer in nanoscale capacitors. Nature 443, 679–682.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Jong T, Linn MC, Zacharia ZC (2013) Physical and virtual laboratories in science and engineering education. Science (New York, NY) 340, 305–308.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ordonio RL, Ito Y, Hatakeyama A, Ohmae-Shinohara K, Kasuga S, Tokunaga T, Mizuno H, Kitano H, Matsuoka M, Sazuka T (2014) Gibberellin deficiency pleiotropically induces culm bending in sorghum: an insight into sorghum semi-dwarf breeding. Scientific reports 4, 5287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geisser S (2005) ‘Modes of Parametric Statistical Inference: Geisser/Modes of Parametric Statistical Inference.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Casillas J, Martínez-López FJ, Corchado Rodríguez JM (Eds) (2012) ‘Management Intelligent Systems: First International Symposium.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Rhéaume J (2014) Community Development and Empowerment: A Clinical Sociology Perspective. ‘Community Intervention: Clinical Sociology Perspectives’. (Eds JM Fritz, J Rhéaume) Clinical Sociology: Research and Practice. pp. 59–72. (Springer: New York, NY)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop & Pasture Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How A Week Of Camping Resets The Body Clock. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) FirstNet: Efforts to Establish the Public-Safety Broadband Network. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-17-702T. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garfield-Kabbara JN (2014) Through the Portal of Shame: A Path Toward Self-Love for Fatherless Daughters Living in Patriarchy. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2017) With a Little Help From His Friends. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom 2000; Stengel and Spaldin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stengel and Spaldin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ordonio et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop & Pasture Science
AbbreviationCrop Pasture Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0947
ISSN (online)1836-5795
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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