How to format your references using the Crop & Pasture Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop & Pasture Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho D (2005) Is China prepared for microbial threats? Nature 435, 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu J-Q, Pollard TD (2005) Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science (New York, NY) 310, 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubash NK, Fleurbaey M, Kartha S (2014) Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science (New York, NY) 345, 36–37.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Potts R, Behrensmeyer AK, Deino A, Ditchfield P, Clark J (2004) Small mid-Pleistocene hominin associated with East African Acheulean technology. Science (New York, NY) 305, 75–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullock J (2017) ‘Wireshark® for Security Professionals.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Indianapolis, Indiana)
An edited book
Kotler P (2010) ‘The Quintessence of Strategic Management: What You Really Need to Know to Survive in Business.’ (R Berger and N Bickhoff, Eds.). (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Sakorafas GH, Smyrniotis V, Sarr MG (2015) Clinical Features and Laboratory Investigation. ‘Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: From Imaging to Differential Diagnosis and Management’. (Eds GH Sakorafas, V Smyrniotis, MG Sarr) pp. 25–36. (Springer: Milano)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop & Pasture Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Ridiculously Cute New Species Of Lemur Discovered In Madagascar. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: Majority of Broadcasters Are Prepared for the DTV Transition, but Some Technical and Coordination Issues Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-08-510. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stockman SB (2015) Daughters of Yahweh: Recovering the deep feminine from the Yahweh complex. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Nakom. New York Times C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ho 2005; Wu and Pollard 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Pollard 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Potts et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop & Pasture Science
AbbreviationCrop Pasture Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0947
ISSN (online)1836-5795
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles