How to format your references using the Crop & Pasture Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop & Pasture Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson CM (2005) Archaeology. Glassmaking in Bronze-Age Egypt. Science (New York, NY) 308, 1750–1752.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simner J, Ward J (2006) Synaesthesia: the taste of words on the tip of the tongue. Nature 444, 438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foreman BZ, Heller PL, Clementz MT (2012) Fluvial response to abrupt global warming at the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary. Nature 491, 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu P, Zhang H, Lv M, Hu M, Li Z, Gao C, Xu P, Ma C (2014) Enzymatic production of 5-aminovalerate from L-lysine using L-lysine monooxygenase and 5-aminovaleramide amidohydrolase. Scientific reports 4, 5657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ (2005) ‘Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Burton B (2015) ‘Acting to Manage Conflict and Bullying Through Evidence-Based Strategies.’ (M Lepp, M Morrison, and J O’Toole, Eds.). (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Renna P, Argoneto P (2011) Models for Coalition Management. ‘Innovative Tools for Business Coalitions in B2B Applications: How Negotiation, Auction and Game Theory Can Support Small- and Medium-sized Business in E-business’. (Ed P Renna) pp. 83–98. (Springer: London)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop & Pasture Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Martian: A Perfect Balance Of Scientific Accuracy And Gripping Fiction. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Parent and Supplemental Student Loans: Volume and Default Trends for Fiscal Years 1989 to 1991. U.S. Government Printing Office, HRD-92-138FS. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang S (2017) Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Drake’s ‘More Life’ Is No. 1 for a 2nd Week. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jackson 2005; Simner and Ward 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simner and Ward 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop & Pasture Science
AbbreviationCrop Pasture Sci.
ISSN (print)1836-0947
ISSN (online)1836-5795
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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