How to format your references using the CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kagan, J. C. Immunology. Sensing endotoxins from within. Science 341, 1184–1185 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sáez, A. G. & Lozano, E. Body doubles. Nature 433, 111 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalab, P., Weis, K. & Heald, R. Visualization of a Ran-GTP gradient in interphase and mitotic Xenopus egg extracts. Science 295, 2452–2456 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ott, B. M., Cruciger, M., Dacks, A. M. & Rio, R. V. M. Hitchhiking of host biology by beneficial symbionts enhances transmission. Sci. Rep. 4, 5825 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T. C. Improving Natural Resource Management. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011).
An edited book
Horspool, R. N. TouchDevelop: Programming on the Go. (Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Velde, B. & Barré, P. Clay Minerals in Soils: The Interface Between Plants and the Mineral World. In Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions (Barré, P.) 129–170 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. T. Rex Ants Seen Alive For First Time. IFLScience (2017).at <;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office FCC: Policies and Rules Concerning Children’s Television Programming--Revision of Programming Policies for Television Broadcast Stations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McMiller, B. Policy analysis on the Adoption and Safe Family Act of 1997. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. Monkey Throwing Darts Loses a Faithful Disciple. New York Times B1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
AbbreviationCPT Pharmacometrics Syst. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)2163-8306
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles