How to format your references using the CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segrè, G. The Big Bang and the genetic code. Nature 404, 437 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
Coura, J. R. & Viñas, P. A. Chagas disease: a new worldwide challenge. Nature 465, S6-7 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Raj, K., Ogston, P. & Beard, P. Virus-mediated killing of cells that lack p53 activity. Nature 412, 914–917 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Yin, R., Zhang, D., Song, Y., Zhu, B.-Z. & Wang, H. Potent DNA damage by polyhalogenated quinones and H₂O₂ via a metal-independent and Intercalation-enhanced oxidation mechanism. Sci. Rep. 3, 1269 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevens, B. A. & Roediger, E. Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016).
An edited book
Combinatorial Aspects of Commutative Algebra and Algebraic Geometry: The Abel Symposium 2009. 6, (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
Moreno-García, A. Debridement, Joint Lavage and Cartilage Shaving. In Articular Cartilage Defects of the Knee: Diagnosis and Treatment (Rodrìguez-Merchán, E. C.) 43–46 (Springer, Milano, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology.

Blog post
Evans, K. 15 Science-Backed Tricks To Instantly Seem Smart. IFLScience (2016).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Science And Technology: Air Force’s Planning Process Meets Statutory Requirement. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yasami, S. Ultra-Low Power RFIC for Space/Medical/Mobile Applications. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. Selling Jewelry Is Mostly Pitfalls, Not Much Glitter. New York Times C6 (2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
AbbreviationCPT Pharmacometrics Syst. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)2163-8306
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles