How to format your references using the Control & Automation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Control & Automation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Graf, “Hive beetle causes a buzz in Europe,” Nature, vol. 423, no. 6942, p. 793, Jun. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. R. Insel and B. N. Cuthbert, “Medicine. Brain disorders? Precisely,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6234, pp. 499–500, May 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. F. Bottke, D. Vokrouhlický, and D. Nesvorný, “An asteroid breakup 160 Myr ago as the probable source of the K/T impactor,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7158, pp. 48–53, Sep. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Zhang et al., “Enlarging photovoltaic effect: combination of classic photoelectric and ferroelectric photovoltaic effects,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2109, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Simiu, Design of Buildings for Wind. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
R. C. Deonier, Computational Genome Analysis: An Introduction. New York, NY: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Sittenfeld, “Advantages and Limitations of Costa Rica’s Experience in Competition Policy. A Benchmark for the Rest of the Countries of the Central American Region,” in Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges from Central America and Mexico, C. Schatan and E. Rivera, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2008, pp. 145–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Control & Automation.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Farmers Are Using Laser Beams In The Battle Against Geese,” IFLScience, Aug. 11, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Spectrum Management: Further Consideration of Options to Improve Receiver Performance Needed,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-265, Feb. 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.-M. Lin, “Transformation in Chinese Theatre Works’ the Legend of White Snake,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Otis, “Cancer Patient Is Hoping to Get Back to the Kitchen,” New York Times, p. A18, Dec. 18, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleControl & Automation
ISSN (print)0956-3385
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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