How to format your references using the Control & Automation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Control & Automation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Ott, “Chemistry. Ironing out hydrogen storage,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6050, pp. 1714–1715, Sep. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Li and Z.-X. Luo, “A Cretaceous symmetrodont therian with some monotreme-like postcranial features,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7073, pp. 195–200, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. J. Hÿtch, J.-L. Putaux, and J.-M. Pénisson, “Measurement of the displacement field of dislocations to 0.03 A by electron microscopy,” Nature, vol. 423, no. 6937, pp. 270–273, May 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Jovanovic et al., “Anti-LRP/LR specific antibodies and shRNAs impede amyloid beta shedding in Alzheimer’s disease,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2699, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. R. Hitchner, Financial Valuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
S. Ruggeri, Ed., Transnational Inquiries and the Protection of Fundamental Rights in Criminal Proceedings: A Study in Memory of Vittorio Grevi and Giovanni Tranchina. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. T. Mendonça and H. Terças, “Waves and Oscillations in Clouds,” in Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter: Atomic Clouds, Bose-Einstein Condensates and Rydberg Plasmas, H. Terças, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 89–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Control & Automation.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “How Does The Order In Which You’re Born Affect Your Personality?,” IFLScience, 06-Apr-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Education and Care: Early Childhood Programs and Services for Low-Income Families,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-00-11, Nov. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. A. George, “Housing adequacy and civic engagement in Los Angeles County,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Freshness City Dwellers Hunger For,” New York Times, p. NJ11, 29-Jun-2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleControl & Automation
ISSN (print)0956-3385
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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