How to format your references using the Control & Automation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Control & Automation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Bell, “Planetary science. Tip of the Martian iceberg?,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5578, pp. 60–61, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Kilger and K. Bartenbach, “Patent law. New rules for German professors,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5596, pp. 1173–1175, Nov. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. N. Parkinson, M. P. H. Lee, and S. Neidle, “Crystal structure of parallel quadruplexes from human telomeric DNA,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6891, pp. 876–880, Jun. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B.-S. Lee et al., “Observation of the role of subcritical nuclei in crystallization of a glassy solid,” Science, vol. 326, no. 5955, pp. 980–984, Nov. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Kay, Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
L. Schaap and H. Daemen, Eds., Renewal in European Local Democracies: Puzzles, Dilemmas and Options. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Mohd Rani, M. F. Yusoff, and M. F. Kamaruzaman, “Theoretical Framework Study on Formgiving Mobile Education Game Design Technology,” in International Colloquium of Art and Design Education Research (i-CADER 2014), O. H. Hassan, S. Z. Abidin, R. Legino, R. Anwar, and M. F. Kamaruzaman, Eds. Singapore: Springer, 2015, pp. 47–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Control & Automation.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Organic Almonds Recalled From Whole Foods For Containing High Levels Of Cyanide,” IFLScience, Nov. 17, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Strong Support for Extending FCC’s Auction Authority Exists, but Little Agreement on Other Options to Improve Efficient Use of Spectrum,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-236, Dec. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. L. Goldstein, “Integration of geospatial technologies into K–12 curriculum: An investigation of teacher and student perceptions and student academic achievement,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. R. Barneby and J. Kelly, “A Pension Gap for Women,” New York Times, p. 312, Aug. 31, 1997.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleControl & Automation
ISSN (print)0956-3385
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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