How to format your references using the Contraception: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contraception: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fabry VJ. Ocean science. Marine calcifiers in a high-CO2 ocean. Science 2008;320:1020–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Soubeyrand B, Plotkin SA. Microbial evolution: antitoxin vaccines and pathogen virulence. Nature 2002;417:609–10; discussion 610.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Trainor PA, Ariza-McNaughton L, Krumlauf R. Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning. Science 2002;295:1288–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Salmeen A, Andersen JN, Myers MP, Meng T-C, Hinks JA, Tonks NK, et al. Redox regulation of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B involves a sulphenyl-amide intermediate. Nature 2003;423:769–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Fernandez-Maloigne C, Robert-Inacio F, Macaire L. Digital Color. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Syme D. Expert F# 3.0. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Krishans Z, Mutule A, Merkuryev Y, Oleinikova I. Optimal Initial States Method. In: Mutule A, Merkuryev Y, Oleinikova I, editors. Dynamic Management of Sustainable Development: Methods for Large Technical Systems, London: Springer; 2011, p. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contraception: X.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. More Evidence Links Epilepsy With Vivid Religious Experiences. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/more-evidence-links-epilepsy-with-vivid-religious-experiences/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Review Of Reliability Of The Air Force Personnel Data System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1968.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yoon T. Object Recognition Based on Multi-Agent Spatial Reasoning. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Maidenberg M, Rappeport A, Gladstone R. Gulf Airline Seeks Stake, Unsolicited, In American. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContraception: X
ISSN (print)2590-1516
Scope

Other styles