How to format your references using the Contraception: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contraception: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Percy AK. Neuroscience. Path to treat Rett syndrome. Science 2013;342:318–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Accardi A, Miller C. Secondary active transport mediated by a prokaryotic homologue of ClC Cl- channels. Nature 2004;427:803–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhao J, Goldman AS, Hartwig JF. Oxidative addition of ammonia to form a stable monomeric amido hydride complex. Science 2005;307:1080–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li X, Wu Y, Steel D, Gammon D, Stievater TH, Katzer DS, et al. An all-optical quantum gate in a semiconductor quantum dot. Science 2003;301:809–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Coulson J. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Rebizant W. Digital Signal Processing in Power System Protection and Control. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Winstead C, McKoy V. Electron–Biomolecule Collision Studies Using the Schwinger Multichannel Method. In: García Gómez-Tejedor G, Fuss MC, editors. Radiation Damage in Biomolecular Systems, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 87–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contraception: X.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Animal Parenting: Mothers That Play Favorites, Why Whales Have Menopause, And Adults Who Have Sex With Infants. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/guest-blog-nature-sex-3/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Vocational Rehabilitation: Better Measures and Monitoring Could Improve the Performance of the VR Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Madigan JP. Regulation of localization and function of the Rho family small GTPase, Rnd3. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hanc J. Ideas and Goals, Yes. Walls, No. New York Times 2017:F42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContraception: X
ISSN (print)2590-1516
Scope

Other styles