How to format your references using the Contraception: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contraception: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Watts C. Immunology. The bell tolls for phagosome maturation. Science 2004;304:976–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rogulja D, Young MW. Control of sleep by cyclin A and its regulator. Science 2012;335:1617–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Trainor PA, Ariza-McNaughton L, Krumlauf R. Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning. Science 2002;295:1288–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Guo H, Mockler T, Duong H, Lin C. SUB1, an Arabidopsis Ca2+-binding protein involved in cryptochrome and phytochrome coaction. Science 2001;291:487–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bagdonavičius V, Kruopis J, Nikulin MS. Non-parametric Tests for Censored Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Bandt O de, Knetsch T, Peñalosa J, Zollino F, editors. Housing Markets in Europe: A Macroeconomic Perspective. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ahmadi R, Newby M. A New Approach to Maintenance Optimization by Modeling Intensity Control. In: Rykov VV, Balakrishnan N, Nikulin MS, editors. Mathematical and Statistical Models and Methods in Reliability: Applications to Medicine, Finance, and Quality Control, Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2010, p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contraception: X.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Watch This Wingsuited Daredevil Pull Off The Highest BASE Jump Ever. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/watch-this-wingsuited-daredevil-pull-off-highest-base-jump-ever/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Nanotechnology: Better Guidance Is Needed to Ensure Accurate Reporting of Federal Research Focused on Environmental, Health, and Safety Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Holmgren JL. Instructor responses to rhetorical dissent: Student perceptions of justice and classroom outcomes. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Backman Is Poised On Top Step of the Dugout. New York Times 2010:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContraception: X
ISSN (print)2590-1516
Scope

Other styles