How to format your references using the Consumption Markets & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Consumption Markets & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nossal, Gustav J. V. 2003. “The Double Helix and Immunology.” Nature 421 (6921): 440–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ben-Jacob, E., and H. Levine. 2001. “The Artistry of Nature.” Nature 409 (6823): 985–986.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polyak, Victor, Carol Hill, and Yemane Asmerom. 2008. “Age and Evolution of the Grand Canyon Revealed by U-Pb Dating of Water Table-Type Speleothems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5868): 1377–1380.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pang, Petti T., Henry K. Teng, Eugene Zaitsev, Newton T. Woo, Kazuko Sakata, Shushuang Zhen, Kenneth K. Teng, Wing-Ho Yung, Barbara L. Hempstead, and Bai Lu. 2004. “Cleavage of ProBDNF by TPA/Plasmin Is Essential for Long-Term Hippocampal Plasticity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5695): 487–491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodman, Gilbert B. 2014. Why Cultural Studies? Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Satapathy, Suresh Chandra, P. S. Avadhani, Siba K. Udgata, and Sadasivuni Lakshminarayana, eds. 2014. ICT and Critical Infrastructure: Proceedings of the 48th Annual Convention of Computer Society of India- Vol I: Hosted by CSI Vishakapatnam Chapter. Vol. 248. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alt, Helmut, Hans Bodlaender, Marc van Kreveld, Günter Rote, and Gerard Tel. 2007. “Wooden Geometric Puzzles: Design and Hardness Proofs.” In Fun with Algorithms: 4th International Conference, FUN 2007, Castiglioncello, Italy, June 3-5, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Pierluigi Crescenzi, Giuseppe Prencipe, and Geppino Pucci, 16–29. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Consumption Markets & Culture.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Watch A Blood Moon Eclipse April 4th.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Intercity Passenger Rail: The Financial Viability of Amtrak Continues to Be Threatened. T-RCED-97-94. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luvani, Kuldeep D. 2017. “AIRtouch: An Intelligent Virtual Keyboard.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2016. “Aim That Kick Just to the Left of Those Flutists.” New York Times, November 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nossal 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nossal 2003; Ben-Jacob and Levine 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ben-Jacob and Levine 2001)
  • Three authors: (Polyak, Hill, and Asmerom 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pang et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleConsumption Markets & Culture
ISSN (print)1025-3866
ISSN (online)1477-223X
Economics and Econometrics
Social Psychology

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