How to format your references using the Computers & Industrial Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers & Industrial Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H. (2011). Hepatitis C. Nature, 474(7350), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carmeliet, P., & Jain, R. K. (2011). Molecular mechanisms and clinical applications of angiogenesis. Nature, 473(7347), 298–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Papp, B., Pál, C., & Hurst, L. D. (2003). Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast. Nature, 424(6945), 194–197.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fernández, M. A., Albor, C., Ingelmo-Torres, M., Nixon, S. J., Ferguson, C., Kurzchalia, T., Tebar, F., Enrich, C., Parton, R. G., & Pol, A. (2006). Caveolin-1 is essential for liver regeneration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5793), 1628–1632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piegorsch, W. W., & Bailer, A. J. (2005). Analyzing Environmental Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kim, M., & Diong, C. H. (Eds.). (2012). Biology Education for Social and Sustainable Development. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Calder, A. C. (2005). Laboratory Astrophysics Experiments for Simulation Code Validation: A Case Study. In G. A. Kyrala (Ed.), High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics (pp. 25–32). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers & Industrial Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 10). Music Training Speeds Up Brain Development In Children. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Commercial Aviation: Costs and Major Factors Influencing Infrastructure Changes at U.S. Airports to Accomodate the New A380 Aircraft (GAO-06-571). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkow, K. (2017). Importance of Effective Leadership for the Success of Mergers and Acquisitions [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols, M. (2016, April 24). Apples of Contention. New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brody, 2011; Carmeliet & Jain, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carmeliet & Jain, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Papp et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fernández et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers & Industrial Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Ind. Eng.
ISSN (print)0360-8352
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering

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