How to format your references using the Computers & Industrial Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers & Industrial Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yutzey, K. E. (2014). Cardiovascular biology: Switched at birth. Nature, 509(7502), 572–573.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauer, S., & Hoye, B. J. (2014). Migratory animals couple biodiversity and ecosystem functioning worldwide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 1242552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eberhardt, M. V., Lee, C. Y., & Liu, R. H. (2000). Antioxidant activity of fresh apples. Nature, 405(6789), 903–904.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Khaitovich, P., Hellmann, I., Enard, W., Nowick, K., Leinweber, M., Franz, H., … Pääbo, S. (2005). Parallel patterns of evolution in the genomes and transcriptomes of humans and chimpanzees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5742), 1850–1854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2009). Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rynne, B. P. (2008). Linear Functional Analysis. (M. A. Youngson, Ed.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Laurenczy, C., Berlie, D., & Jacot, J. (2014). Ultrasonic Press–Fitting: A New Assembly Technique. In S. Ratchev (Ed.), Precision Assembly Technologies and Systems: 7th IFIP WG 5.5 International Precision Assembly Seminar, IPAS 2014, Chamonix, France, February 16-18, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 22–29). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers & Industrial Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 24). FBI Admits Using Flawed Scientific Evidence In Trials. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Billions in First 5 Years With Proper Implementation (No. HRD-93-27). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moon, M. M. (2009). The needs of Korean-American and Korean families of children with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney, A., & Berger, J. (2010, August 16). Horror at Desert Ritual as Racer Flips Into Crowd. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yutzey, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bauer & Hoye, 2014; Yutzey, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauer & Hoye, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Eberhardt, Lee, & Liu, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Khaitovich et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers & Industrial Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Ind. Eng.
ISSN (print)0360-8352
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering

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