How to format your references using the Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kargel JS. Enceladus: cosmic gymnast, volatile miniworld. Science. 2006 Mar 10;311(5766):1389–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell AM, Robinson GE. Genomics. Behavior and the dynamic genome. Science. 2011 Jun 3;332(6034):1161–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provencio I, Rollag MD, Castrucci AM. Photoreceptive net in the mammalian retina. This mesh of cells may explain how some blind mice can still tell day from night. Nature. 2002 Jan 31;415(6871):493.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sun H, Ringdahl U, Homeister JW, Fay WP, Engleberg NC, Yang AY, et al. Plasminogen is a critical host pathogenicity factor for group A streptococcal infection. Science. 2004 Aug 27;305(5688):1283–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaufman JJ, Woodhead R. Stimulating Innovation in Products and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Cuenca P, Orozco-Barbosa L, editors. Personal Wireless Communications: IFIP TC6 11th International Conference, PWC 2006, Albacete, Spain, September 20-22, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4217).
A chapter in an edited book
Hosken N. Developing and enacting an ethical framework and method for cross-cultural researchi. In: Vicars M, McKenna T, White J, editors. Discourse, Power, and Resistance Down Under. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 27–39. (Transgressions).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Next Particle Collider Could Be Seven Time More Powerful Than The LHC [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Input Processing Strategy is Risky and Lacks a Sound Analytical Basis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cagle West M. Effective software engineering leadership for development programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. As Injury Carousel Spins, the Mets Keep Reeling. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kargel 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kargel 2006; Bell and Robinson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bell and Robinson 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice
AbbreviationComput. Law Secur. Rep.
ISSN (print)0267-3649
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Computer Networks and Communications

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