How to format your references using the Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce GF. Obituary: Leslie Orgel (1927-2007). Nature. 2007 Nov 29;450(7170):627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carvalho AB, Clark AG. Y chromosome of D. pseudoobscura is not homologous to the ancestral Drosophila Y. Science. 2005 Jan 7;307(5706):108–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adilakshmi T, Bellur DL, Woodson SA. Concurrent nucleation of 16S folding and induced fit in 30S ribosome assembly. Nature. 2008 Oct 30;455(7217):1268–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Beattie EC, Stellwagen D, Morishita W, Bresnahan JC, Ha BK, Von Zastrow M, et al. Control of synaptic strength by glial TNFalpha. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2282–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gladon RJ, Graves WR, Kelly JM. Getting Published in the Life Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Rabl T, Sachs K, Poess M, Baru C, Jacobson H-A, editors. Big Data Benchmarking: 5th International Workshop, WBDB 2014, Potsdam, Germany, August 5-6- 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8991).
A chapter in an edited book
Yashin AI, Ukraintseva SV, Akushevich I, Kulminski AM, Arbeev KG, Stallard E. Evidence for Dependence Among Diseases. In: Stallard E, Land KC, editors. Biodemography of Aging: Determinants of Healthy Life Span and Longevity. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016. p. 95–111. (The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice.

Blog post
Fang J. North Americans Were Salmon Fishing 11,500 Years Ago [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Teenage Prostitution and Child Pornography. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jun. Report No.: 118734.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen J. Moving office document processing into the cloud [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. From the Sea to Your Plate. New York Times. 2011 Jul 31;NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gogotsi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McCave 2002; Ball 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carvalho and Clark 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Shao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice
AbbreviationComput. Law Secur. Rep.
ISSN (print)0267-3649
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Computer Networks and Communications

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