How to format your references using the Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marec F. Developmental genetics: Female silkworms have the sex factor. Nature. 2014 May 29;509(7502):570–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falk A, Heckman JJ. Lab experiments are a major source of knowledge in the social sciences. Science. 2009 Oct 23;326(5952):535–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nader K, Schafe GE, Le Doux JE. Fear memories require protein synthesis in the amygdala for reconsolidation after retrieval. Nature. 2000 Aug 17;406(6797):722–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hubbert C, Guardiola A, Shao R, Kawaguchi Y, Ito A, Nixon A, et al. HDAC6 is a microtubule-associated deacetylase. Nature. 2002 May 23;417(6887):455–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rooney T. IP Address Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Lolli G, Panza M, Venturi G, editors. From Logic to Practice: Italian Studies in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science; vol. 308).
A chapter in an edited book
Yong C, Booth DC. Emergency response and rescue. In: Booth DC, editor. The Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008: Anatomy of a Disaster. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 186–221.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The LHC Is Starting To Produce Charmed Twins More Than Singles. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Structural Costs Continue to Challenge Legacy Airlines’ Financial Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-834T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop S. The impact of attachment and social support on parents of children with autism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W, Singer JE. Drug and Bribery Investigation Brings New Scrutiny to Queens Karaoke Clubs. New York Times. 2015 Dec 11;A36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marec 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Falk and Heckman 2009; Marec 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falk and Heckman 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hubbert et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice
AbbreviationComput. Law Secur. Rep.
ISSN (print)0267-3649
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Computer Networks and Communications

Other styles