How to format your references using the Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacobs M. A career is like a love affair. Science. 2015 Apr 3;348(6230):150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robles-De-La-Torre G, Hayward V. Force can overcome object geometry in the perception of shape through active touch. Nature. 2001 Jul 26;412(6845):445–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Z, Li H, Sheng Y. Effects of reciprocity on random walks in weighted networks. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 12;4:7460.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen K-M, Harjes E, Gross PJ, Fahmy A, Lu Y, Shindo K, et al. Structure of the DNA deaminase domain of the HIV-1 restriction factor APOBEC3G. Nature. 2008 Mar 6;452(7183):116–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus J-M. Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ismail M, González DRDEL, editors. Radio Design in Nanometer Technologies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Buse K, Imbrock J, Krätzig E, Peithmann K. Photorefractive Effects in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3. In: Günter P, Huignard J-P, editors. Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2: Materials. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 83–126. (Springer Series in Optical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Identify A Mechanism That Facilitates Brain Repair Following Stroke [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Services to Indian Head Start Grantees Under a Special Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: HRD-76-141.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsobrook JA. Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times. 2003 Mar 9;724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jacobs 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Robles-De-La-Torre and Hayward 2001; Jacobs 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robles-De-La-Torre and Hayward 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice
AbbreviationComput. Law Secur. Rep.
ISSN (print)0267-3649
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Computer Networks and Communications

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