How to format your references using the Computational Science & Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Science & Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joenje H 2011 Metabolism: alcohol, DNA and disease Nature 475 45–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy S K and Rockman H A 2011 Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner Nature 477 546–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia Y, Sanchez J A and Wangh L J 2014 Kinetic hairpin oligonucleotide blockers for selective amplification of rare mutations Sci. Rep. 4 5921
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Peckham R K, Brill R, Foster D S, Bowen A L, Leigh J A, Coffey T J and Flynn R J 2014 Two distinct populations of bovine IL-17+ T-cells can be induced and WC1+IL-17+γδ T-cells are effective killers of protozoan parasites Sci. Rep. 4 5431

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaffney S and Francis C 2009 Honesty Sells (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Moscovici H 2013 Learn Science, Learn Math, Learn to Teach Science and Math, Homo Sapiens! vol 5, ed T Moscovici, K C Wieseman and P J Gilmer (Rotterdam: SensePublishers)
A chapter in an edited book
Shany M and Geva E 2012 Cognitive, Language, and Literacy Development in Socio-culturally Vulnerable School Children – The Case of Ethiopian Israeli Children Current Issues in Bilingualism: Cognitive and Socio-linguistic Perspectives ed M Leikin, M Schwartz and Y Tobin (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 77–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Science & Discovery.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Paris 2015 Climate Summit: Countries’ Targets Beyond 2020 IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1974 Telling America’s Story to the World--Problems and Issues (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duran P E 2010 Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E and Kishkovsky S 2012 Russian Turnout Includes Thousands of Eager Election Observers New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Science & Discovery
AbbreviationComput. Sci. Discov.
ISSN (print)1749-4680
ISSN (online)1749-4699
ScopeComputational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles