How to format your references using the Computational Science & Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Science & Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D 2000 France finally picks Parisian site for new synchrotron Nature 407 119–20
A journal article with 2 authors
Changeux J-P and Edelstein S J 2005 Allosteric mechanisms of signal transduction Science 308 1424–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian S K, Round J L and Kasper D L 2008 A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease Nature 453 620–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ries G, Heller W, Puchta H, Sandermann H, Seidlitz H K and Hohn B 2000 Elevated UV-B radiation reduces genome stability in plants Nature 406 98–101

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety 1995 Guidelines for Technical Planning for on-site Emergencies (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Joshi K, Siegle M, Stoelinga M and D’Argenio P R 2013 Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 10th International Conference, QEST 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 27-30, 2013. Proceedings vol 8054 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Aguilella V M, Queralt-Martín M and Alcaraz A 2015 Bacterial Porins Electrophysiology of Unconventional Channels and Pores Springer Series in Biophysics ed A H Delcour (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 101–21

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Science & Discovery.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2016 Everything You Need To Know About Buying A Telescope IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Granite Sentry (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada T 2008 Comparison of cognitively diagnostic adaptive testing algorithms Doctoral dissertation (New York, NY: Columbia University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2006 Our Creation, Our Concern New York Times WK1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Science & Discovery
AbbreviationComput. Sci. Discov.
ISSN (print)1749-4680
ISSN (online)1749-4699
ScopeComputational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles