How to format your references using the Computational Science & Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Science & Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P 2000 And sets up a body to oversee trials Nature 405 607
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr E and Fischbacher U 2003 The nature of human altruism Nature 425 785–91
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambeck K, Esat T M and Potter E-K 2002 Links between climate and sea levels for the past three million years Nature 419 199–206
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Yang B, Zhou Y T, Chen D and Ma X L 2013 Local decomposition induced by dislocation motions inside precipitates in an Al-alloy Sci. Rep. 3 1039

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen J 2005 Industrial Catalysis (Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Maeda T, Gautier P-E, Hanson C E, Hemsworth B, Nelson J T, Schulte-Werning B, Thompson D and Vos P de 2012 Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on RailwayNoise, Nagahama, Japan, 18–22 October 2010 vol 118 (Tokyo: Springer Japan)
A chapter in an edited book
Perfilieva I 2015 A New Model of a Fuzzy Associative Memory Integrated Uncertainty in Knowledge Modelling and Decision Making: 4th International Symposium, IUKM 2015, Nha Trang, Vietnam, October 15-17, 2015, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed V-N Huynh, M Inuiguchi and T Demoeux (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 32–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Science & Discovery.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Baby Gorilla Born By Emergency C-Section IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1970 Overstatement of Contract Target Cost for First Stage of Saturn V Launch Vehicle (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke K 2012 Big Five personality traits and astrology: The relationship between the Moon variable and the NEO PI-R Doctoral dissertation (Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J 2017 A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Science & Discovery
AbbreviationComput. Sci. Discov.
ISSN (print)1749-4680
ISSN (online)1749-4699
ScopeComputational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis
General Physics and Astronomy

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