How to format your references using the Computational Science & Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Science & Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P 2003 Forcing the market Nature 426 735
A journal article with 2 authors
Sylwestrak E L and Ghosh A 2012 Elfn1 regulates target-specific release probability at CA1-interneuron synapses Science 338 536–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Sørensen T L-M, Møller J V and Nissen P 2004 Phosphoryl transfer and calcium ion occlusion in the calcium pump Science 304 1672–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Martick M, Horan L H, Noller H F and Scott W G 2008 A discontinuous hammerhead ribozyme embedded in a mammalian messenger RNA Nature 454 899–902

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uribe S 2017 Frontier Road (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Fazio V W, Church J M and Wu J S 2012 Atlas of Intestinal Stomas (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Ramampiaro H and Li C 2011 Supporting BioMedical Information Retrieval: The BioTracer Approach Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems IV: Special Issue on Database Systems for Biomedical Applications Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed A Hameurlain, J Küng, R Wagner, C Böhm, J Eder and C Plant (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 73–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Science & Discovery.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2017 Supermassive Black Hole Is Choking On Star Stuff IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Women in STEM Research: Federal Agencies Differ in the Data They Collect on Grant Applicants (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley M K 2012 A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southard S 2015 Nagasaki, the Forgotten City New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Science & Discovery
AbbreviationComput. Sci. Discov.
ISSN (print)1749-4680
ISSN (online)1749-4699
ScopeComputational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles