How to format your references using the Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.P. Kadanoff, Kenneth Geddes Wilson (1936-2013), Nature. 500 (2013) 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
O.G. Schmidt, K. Eberl, Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes, Nature. 410 (2001) 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Agathon, C. Thisse, B. Thisse, The molecular nature of the zebrafish tail organizer, Nature. 424 (2003) 448–452.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.I. Weidner, T. Walenda, Q. Lin, M.M. Wölfler, B. Denecke, I.G. Costa, M. Zenke, W. Wagner, Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells acquire distinct DNA-hypermethylation during in vitro culture, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Gramß, S. Bornholdt, M. Groß, M. Mitchell, T. Pellizzari, Non-Standard Computation, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
J.M. Kunkel, T. Ludwig, eds., High Performance Computing: 30th International Conference, ISC High Performance 2015, Frankfurt, Germany, July 12-16, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K.J.R. Rasmussen, Stainless Steel Structures, in: J. Rondal, D. Dubina (Eds.), Light Gauge Metal Structures Recent Advances, Springer, Vienna, 2005: pp. 67–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, This Might Be The Slowest Pulsar We’ve Ever Found, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FAA Budget: Key Issues Need to Be Addressed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Camaya, Teachers’ perceptions of social skills instruction for children with autism spectrum disorders, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices Take Up On-Air Vulgarity Again, New York Times. (2008) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Geometry: Theory and Applications
AbbreviationComput. Geom.
ISSN (print)0925-7721
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computational Mathematics
Control and Optimization
Geometry and Topology

Other styles