How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Mécanique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Mécanique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, In search of the élite, Nature. 426 (2003) 713–717.
A journal article with 2 authors
I.W. Chen, X.H. Wang, Sintering dense nanocrystalline ceramics without final-stage grain growth, Nature. 404 (2000) 168–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.T. Gwynne, K.A. Judge, C.D. Kelly, Evidence for male allocation in pipefish?, Nature. 466 (2010) E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Li, F. Tu, L. Jin, W.C.H. Choy, Y. Gao, J. Wang, Polarity continuation and frustration in ZnSe nanospirals, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Krasner, A History of Modern Drama, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
M. D’hooghe, H.-J. Ha, eds., Synthesis of 4- to 7-membered Heterocycles by Ring Expansion: Aza-, oxa- and thiaheterocyclic small-ring systems, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A.S. Bridges, A.J. Noss, Behavior and Activity Patterns, in: A.F. O’Connell, J.D. Nichols, K.U. Karanth (Eds.), Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2011: pp. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Mécanique.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Why we love repetition in music, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. de Ortega, The Impact of Outcome Measurement on Non-profit Organizations: A Case Study, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, The Patriarch and the Fighting Sons, New York Times. (2000) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Mécanique
AbbreviationComptes Rendus Mécanique
ISSN (print)1631-0721
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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