How to format your references using the Community, Work & Family citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community, Work & Family. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlesworth, B. (2000). No pie in the sky, thanks. Nature, 404(6777), 431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cane, M. A., & Evans, M. (2000). CLIMATE VARIABILITY: Enhanced: Do the Tropics Rule? Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1107–1108.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugawara, T., Kano, F., & Murata, M. (2014). Rab2A is a pivotal switch protein that promotes either secretion or ER-associated degradation of (pro)insulin in insulin-secreting cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 6952.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Woodhead, J. L., Zhao, F.-Q., Craig, R., Egelman, E. H., Alamo, L., & Padrón, R. (2005). Atomic model of a myosin filament in the relaxed state. Nature, 436(7054), 1195–1199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. H. (2016). Leaders and Innovators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peccati, G., & Reitzner, M. (Eds.). (2016). Stochastic Analysis for Poisson Point Processes: Malliavin Calculus, Wiener-Itô Chaos Expansions and Stochastic Geometry (Vol. 7). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Guerraoui, R., & Ruppert, E. (2014). Linearizability Is Not Always a Safety Property. In G. Noubir & M. Raynal (Eds.), Networked Systems: Second International Conference, NETYS 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, May 15-17, 2014. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 57–69). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community, Work & Family.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, August 11). Smell Receptors In Lungs Could Hold Key To Treating Asthma. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Customs Service Modernization: Management Improvements Needed on High-Risk Automated Commercial Environment Project (No. GAO-02-545). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuellar, D. (2011). Impact of boring insects on the reproductive success of Hesperoyucca whipplei (Our Lord’s candle) (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., & Maheshwari, S. (2017, May 14). Eyes Drift. Marketers Stick to TV. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charlesworth, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cane & Evans, 2000; Charlesworth, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cane & Evans, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sugawara, Kano, & Murata, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Woodhead et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity, Work & Family
AbbreviationCommunity Work Fam.
ISSN (print)1366-8803
ISSN (online)1469-3615
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Sociology and Political Science

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