How to format your references using the Community, Work & Family citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community, Work & Family. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heald, R. (2006). Cell biology. Serving up a plate of chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 343–344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cemma, M., & Brumell, J. H. (2013). Immunology. Bacterial escape artists set afire. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6122), 912–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savill, J., Gregory, C., & Haslett, C. (2003). Cell biology. Eat me or die. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1516–1517.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qi, H. H., Sarkissian, M., Hu, G.-Q., Wang, Z., Bhattacharjee, A., Gordon, D. B., Gonzales, M., Lan, F., Ongusaha, P. P., Huarte, M., Yaghi, N. K., Lim, H., Garcia, B. A., Brizuela, L., Zhao, K., Roberts, T. M., & Shi, Y. (2010). Histone H4K20/H3K9 demethylase PHF8 regulates zebrafish brain and craniofacial development. Nature, 466(7305), 503–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A. (2013). Extractive Metallurgy 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lodwick, W. A., & Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.). (2010). Fuzzy Optimization: Recent Advances and Applications (Vol. 254). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dovey, J., & Furrow, A. (2012). Using the Filesystem. In A. Furrow (Ed.), Beginning Objective-C (pp. 107–157). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community, Work & Family.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, June 1). Feast Your Eyes On The World’s Biggest Plane. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). DOT’s Recommendation Response System (RCED-92-164R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keels, D. (2014). An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. (2015, May 29). Bicyclist Is Killed by Car Fleeing Court Police. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heald, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cemma & Brumell, 2013; Heald, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cemma & Brumell, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Savill et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Qi et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity, Work & Family
AbbreviationCommunity Work Fam.
ISSN (print)1366-8803
ISSN (online)1469-3615
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences
Sociology and Political Science

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