How to format your references using the Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berkley, S. Make Vaccine Coverage a Key UN Health Indicator. Nature, 2015, 526, 165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vermot, J.; Pourquié, O. Retinoic Acid Coordinates Somitogenesis and Left-Right Patterning in Vertebrate Embryos. Nature, 2005, 435, 215–220.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, B.A.; Gruber, T.M.; Gross, C.A. Minimal Machinery of RNA Polymerase Holoenzyme Sufficient for Promoter Melting. Science, 2004, 303, 1382–1384.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brunthaler, A.; Reid, M.J.; Falcke, H.; Greenhill, L.J.; Henkel, C. The Geometric Distance and Proper Motion of the Triangulum Galaxy (M33). Science, 2005, 307, 1440–1443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willatzen, M.; Lew Yan Voon, L.C. Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
Advances in Neural Networks: Computational Intelligence for ICT; Bassis, S.; Esposito, A.; Morabito, F.C.; Pasero, E., Eds.; Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 54.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashar, N.G.; Golwalkar, K.R. Sulfonating Agents and Derivatives Based on Sulfuric Acid. In A Practical Guide to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents; Golwalkar, K.R., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2013; pp. 35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Researchers Image Wave-Particle Duality Light For The First Time Ever (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Global Warming: Limitations of General Circulation Models and Costs of Modeling Efforts; RCED-95-164; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steiner, C.P. Three Essays in Applied Microeconomics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego: La Jolla, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Supreme Court Allows Arizona To Use New Voter-ID Procedure. New York Times, 2006, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCombinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
AbbreviationComb. Chem. High Throughput Screen.
ISSN (print)1386-2073
ISSN (online)1875-5402
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Computer Science Applications
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

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