How to format your references using the Colombia Médica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colombia Médica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann D. Geomorphology. On patterned ground. Science. 2003 Jan 17;299(5605):354–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedraza JM, van Oudenaarden A. Noise propagation in gene networks. Science. 2005 Mar 25;307(5717):1965–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gottfried JA, O’Doherty J, Dolan RJ. Encoding predictive reward value in human amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex. Science. 2003 Aug 22;301(5636):1104–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suzuki Y, Sakamoto Y, Tanaka N, Okada H, Morikawa Y, Ogasawara W. Identification of the catalytic triad of family S46 exopeptidases, closely related to clan PA endopeptidases. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 6;4:4292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coussy O. Poromechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Di Benedetto M-G, Cattoni AF, Fiorina J, Bader F, De Nardis L, editors. Cognitive Radio and Networking for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks: Recent Advances and Visions for the Future. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXV, 405 p. 172 illus. (Signals and Communication Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Garbett D. Lessons on the Hoof: Learning About Teacher Education Through Horse-Riding. In: Ovens A, Fletcher T, editors. Self-Study in Physical Education Teacher Education: Exploring the interplay of practice and scholarship. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 63–73. (Self-Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colombia Médica.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Other Primates Self-Medicate – And What They Could Teach Us [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Hispanics’ Schooling: Risk Factors for Dropping Out and Barriers to Resuming Their Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul. Report No.: PEMD-94-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim H. Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Carmen de Lavallade Skips Trump Reception. New York Times. 2017 Aug 17;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleColombia Médica
AbbreviationColomb. Med.
ISSN (print)0120-8322
ISSN (online)1657-9534
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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