How to format your references using the Colombia Médica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colombia Médica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Houck O. Tales from a troubled marriage: science and law in environmental policy. Science. 2003 Dec 12;302(5652):1926–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Satpute-Krishnan P, Serio TR. Prion protein remodelling confers an immediate phenotypic switch. Nature. 2005 Sep 8;437(7056):262–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Efferson C, Lalive R, Fehr E. The coevolution of cultural groups and ingroup favoritism. Science. 2008 Sep 26;321(5897):1844–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu C, Li H, Zeng XC, Wang EG, Meng S. Quantized water transport: ideal desalination through graphyne-4 membrane. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 7;3:3163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Varrall G. Making Telecoms Work. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Hershberg E, LeoGrande WM, editors. A New Chapter in US-Cuba Relations: Social, Political, and Economic Implications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XV, 205 p. (Studies of the Americas).
A chapter in an edited book
Curé O, Jablonski S. Ontology-Based Data Integration in Data Logistics Workflows. In: Hainaut J-L, Rundensteiner EA, Kirchberg M, Bertolotto M, Brochhausen M, Chen Y-PP, et al., editors. Advances in Conceptual Modeling – Foundations and Applications: ER 2007 Workshops CMLSA, FP-UML, ONISW, QoIS, RIGiM,SeCoGIS, Auckland, New Zealand, November 5-9, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 34–43. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colombia Médica.

Blog post
Andrew D. Ranked: The 42 Laziest Dog Breeds In America [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Advanced Airborne Command Post Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Sep. Report No.: B-178570.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ritter D. The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Forecast for Hurricanes Is Stormier Than Normal. New York Times. 2017 May 25;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleColombia Médica
AbbreviationColomb. Med.
ISSN (print)0120-8322
ISSN (online)1657-9534
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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