How to format your references using the Colombia Médica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colombia Médica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shukla J. Atmosphere. Monsoon mysteries. Science. 2007 Oct 12;318(5848):204–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carr JS, Najita JR. Organic molecules and water in the planet formation region of young circumstellar disks. Science. 2008 Mar 14;319(5869):1504–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dutzler R, Campbell EB, MacKinnon R. Gating the selectivity filter in ClC chloride channels. Science. 2003 Apr 4;300(5616):108–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Späth GF, Lye LF, Segawa H, Sacks DL, Turco SJ, Beverley SM. Persistence without pathology in phosphoglycan-deficient Leishmania major. Science. 2003 Aug 29;301(5637):1241–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nordenström J. The Hunt for the Parathyroids. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2012.
An edited book
Taubenfeld G, editor. Distributed Computing: 22nd International Symposium, DISC 2008, Arcachon, France, September 22-24, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XVI, 522 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5218).
A chapter in an edited book
Marsh S, Noël S, Storer T, Wang Y, Briggs P, Robart L, et al. Non-standards for Trust: Foreground Trust and Second Thoughts for Mobile Security. In: Meadows C, Fernandez-Gago C, editors. Security and Trust Management: 7th International Workshop, STM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 28–39. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colombia Médica.

Blog post
Davis J. Scientists Pinpoint Genes That Allow Vultures To Eat Rotting Meat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Research: Education Should Improve Assessments of R&D Centers, Regional Labs, and Comprehensive Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Jan. Report No.: GAO-02-190.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terry EJ. In search of leadership: A look at women presidents in Georgia’s two-year colleges and technical colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Back in Queens, Johnson Is Full of Memories and Statistics. New York Times. 2013 Sep 10;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleColombia Médica
AbbreviationColomb. Med.
ISSN (print)0120-8322
ISSN (online)1657-9534
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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