How to format your references using the Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Nicholls, Darwin 200: A flight of fancy, Nature. 457 (2009) 790–791.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Kingston, S.J. Rossiter, Harmonic-hopping in Wallacea’s bats, Nature. 429 (2004) 654–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Grantab, V.B. Shenoy, R.S. Ruoff, Anomalous strength characteristics of tilt grain boundaries in graphene, Science. 330 (2010) 946–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Wang, C. Fan, S.E. Topol, E.J. Topol, Q. Wang, Mutation of MEF2A in an inherited disorder with features of coronary artery disease, Science. 302 (2003) 1578–1581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Rigo, Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 2, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
B. Liu, ed., The Plant Cytoskeleton, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Tranmer, E. Lazega, Multilevel Models for Multilevel Network Dependencies, in: E. Lazega, T.A.B. Snijders (Eds.), Multilevel Network Analysis for the Social Sciences: Theory, Methods and Applications, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 107–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Sad But Adorable Animal Facts That Will Ruin Your Day, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Medicaid: States’ Efforts to Maximize Federal Reimbursements Highlight Need for Improved Federal Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Tablason, Recollecting, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, Who Says Religion and Science Don’t Mix?, New York Times. (2017) C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
AbbreviationColloids Surf. B Biointerfaces
ISSN (print)0927-7765
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles