How to format your references using the Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Walker, The fun of science, Science. 344 (2014) 1314.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.R. Ali, M. Huber, Mammalian biodiversity on Madagascar controlled by ocean currents, Nature. 463 (2010) 653–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Wen, S. Zhou, J. Chen, Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Jiang, P. Dziedzic, Z. Spacil, G.-L. Zhao, L. Nilsson, L.L. Ilag, A. Córdova, Abiotic synthesis of amino acids and self-crystallization under prebiotic conditions, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Davies, Implementing SSL/TLS Using Cryptography and PKI, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2010.
An edited book
J.R. Goodall, G. Conti, K.-L. Ma, eds., VizSEC 2007: Proceedings of the Workshop on Visualization for Computer Security, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Basaldella, A. Saurin, K. Terui, On the Meaning of Focalization, in: A. Lecomte, S. Tronçon (Eds.), Ludics, Dialogue and Interaction: PRELUDE Project - 2006-2009. Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 78–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Jurassic Monster Is Largest Meat-Eating Dinosaur Found In Germany, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: An Audit Guide For Assessing Acquisition Risks, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.K. Lakin, Reading First program effects on students with disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.G. Sexton, A Tortured Inheritance, New York Times. (2009) A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
AbbreviationColloids Surf. B Biointerfaces
ISSN (print)0927-7765
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles