How to format your references using the Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.B. Fisher, Public health. Clinical trials results databases: unanswered questions, Science. 311 (2006) 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
E.S. Quellmalz, J.W. Pellegrino, Technology and testing, Science. 323 (2009) 75–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.T.M. Irvine, V. Vitelli, P.M. Chaikin, Pleats in crystals on curved surfaces, Nature. 468 (2010) 947–951.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Liu, Y. Li, G.H. Learn, R.S. Rudicell, J.D. Robertson, B.F. Keele, J.-B.N. Ndjango, C.M. Sanz, D.B. Morgan, S. Locatelli, M.K. Gonder, P.J. Kranzusch, P.D. Walsh, E. Delaporte, E. Mpoudi-Ngole, A.V. Georgiev, M.N. Muller, G.M. Shaw, M. Peeters, P.M. Sharp, J.C. Rayner, B.H. Hahn, Origin of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in gorillas, Nature. 467 (2010) 420–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.J. Pilot, Driving Sustainability to Business Success, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
R.J. Solaro, J.C. Tardiff, eds., Biophysics of the Failing Heart: Physics and Biology of Heart Muscle, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y.-F. Ma, H.X. Li, P. Sun, A Lightweight Agent Fabric for Service Autonomy, in: J. Huang, R. Kowalczyk, Z. Maamar, D. Martin, I. Müller, S. Stoutenburg, K.P. Sycara (Eds.), Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2007 International Workshop, SOCASE 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 14, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Ant-Nest Beetles Reveal Evolution In Action, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 6, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Narita, Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) and climate change mitigation: An analysis of economic optimality and policy making, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Maya Plisetskaya, Fluid Soviet Ballerina, Dies at 89, New York Times. (2015) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
AbbreviationColloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.
ISSN (print)0927-7757
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry

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