How to format your references using the Cognition, Technology & Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognition, Technology & Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cardon LR (2006) Genetics. Delivering new disease genes. Science 314:1403–1405
A journal article with 2 authors
Fowler JH, Schreiber D (2008) Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature. Science 322:912–914
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima C, Nomura H, Tsuda T (2004) Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues. Nature 432:361–368
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tumbula DL, Becker HD, Chang WZ, Söll D (2000) Domain-specific recruitment of amide amino acids for protein synthesis. Nature 407:106–110

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans GM, Furlong JC (2010) Environmental Biotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lal SK (ed) (2010) Molecular Biology of the SARS-Coronavirus. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Braack M (2015) Outflow Conditions for the Navier-Stokes Equations with Skew-Symmetric Formulation of the Convective Term. In: Knobloch P (ed) Boundary and Interior Layers, Computational and Asymptotic Methods - BAIL 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognition, Technology & Work.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Stunning Drone Footage Of A Paddleboarder’s Encounter With Two Whales. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Aviation Security: TSA Should Take Additional Action to Obtain Stakeholder Input when Modifying the Prohibited Items List. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doddick S (2012) Noncontact 2D Plethysmography: A non-invasive technique for monitoring dynamic trends in a respiratory system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) How White House Officials Explained That 18-Day Wait. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cardon 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cardon 2006; Fowler and Schreiber 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fowler and Schreiber 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tumbula et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognition, Technology & Work
AbbreviationCogn. Technol. Work
ISSN (print)1435-5558
ISSN (online)1435-5566
Computer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction

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