How to format your references using the Cognition, Technology & Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognition, Technology & Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V (2007) Hub of alternative energy. Nature 446:106
A journal article with 2 authors
Chuong EB, Feschotte C (2013) Evolution. Transposons up the dosage. Science 342:812–813
A journal article with 3 authors
Dankert A, Dulal RS, Dash SP (2013) Efficient spin injection into silicon and the role of the Schottky barrier. Sci Rep 3:3196
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Keeling MJ, Woolhouse ME, Shaw DJ, et al (2001) Dynamics of the 2001 UK foot and mouth epidemic: stochastic dispersal in a heterogeneous landscape. Science 294:813–817

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jamison DC (2005) Perl Programming for Biologists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zgurovsky MZ (2012) Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing III: Long-Time Behavior of Evolution Inclusions Solutions in Earth Data Analysis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Aerts D, Broekaert J, Gabora L, Veloz T (2012) The Guppy Effect as Interference. In: Busemeyer JR, Dubois F, Lambert-Mogiliansky A, Melucci M (eds) Quantum Interaction: 6th International Symposium, QI 2012, Paris, France, June 27-29, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognition, Technology & Work.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Hubble Captures Dancing Auroras on Saturn. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Highlights of a Forum: Health Care 20 Years From Now--Taking Steps Today to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carrillo J (2010) Parenting education curriculum for single adolescent mothers in foster care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W (2015) Fleeing an Uncertain Future in Venezuela. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2007; Chuong and Feschotte 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chuong and Feschotte 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Keeling et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognition, Technology & Work
AbbreviationCogn. Technol. Work
ISSN (print)1435-5558
ISSN (online)1435-5566
Computer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction

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