How to format your references using the Cognition & Emotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognition & Emotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, J. (2004). Predicting disease using genomics. Nature, 429(6990), 453–456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Platt, M. L., & Adams, G. K. (2012). Psychology. Monkey see, monkey read. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6078), 168–169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vecchi, G. A., Swanson, K. L., & Soden, B. J. (2008). Climate change. Whither hurricane activity? Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5902), 687–689.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, S., Yu, Y., Chu, X., Chu, S. I., & Wang, Z. (2001). Time-resolved measurement of dissipation-induced decoherence in a Josephson junction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1457–1459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Batten, L. M. (2013). Public Key Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Werf, J. van der, Graser, H.-U., Frankham, R., & Gondro, C. (Eds.). (2009). Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozlova, M., Nejdl, J., Albrecht, M., Sebban, S., Gautier, J., Ta Phuoc, K., Klisnick, A., Le Marec, A., & Tissandier, F. (2016). Overview of Development of Laser Driven Secondary Sources at PALS and ELI. In J. Rocca, C. Menoni, & M. Marconi (Eds.), X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (pp. 35–43). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognition & Emotion.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 19). Marsquakes Might Help Life Survive On The Red Planet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry (T-RCED-89-66). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matheny, A. L. (2009). Home gardener preferences, perceptions, knowledge and behaviors associated with pest management strategies and information acquisition [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., & Kang, C. (2017, May 2). TV Station Owners Rush to Seize on Looser Rules. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bell, 2004; Platt & Adams, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Platt & Adams, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Vecchi et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognition & Emotion
AbbreviationCogn. Emot.
ISSN (print)0269-9931
ISSN (online)1464-0600
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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