How to format your references using the Cognition & Emotion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognition & Emotion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunnett, J. F. (2000). How much does one vote count in an election? Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5498), 1895b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reches, M., & Gazit, E. (2003). Casting metal nanowires within discrete self-assembled peptide nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 625–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B., Xu, S., & Wu, L. (2012). Intensified Arabian Sea tropical storms. Nature, 489(7416), E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Niskanen, A. O., Harrabi, K., Yoshihara, F., Nakamura, Y., Lloyd, S., & Tsai, J. S. (2007). Quantum coherent tunable coupling of superconducting qubits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 723–726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner, B. (2016). The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Furbach, U. (Ed.). (2005). KI 2005: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 28th Annual German Conference on AI, KI 2005, Koblenz, Germany, September 11-14, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothermund, D. (2015). India’s Social Challenges. In S. O. Wolf, J. Schöttli, D. Frommherz, K. Fürstenberg, M. Gallenkamp, L. König, & M. Pauli (Eds.), Politics in South Asia: Culture, Rationality and Conceptual Flow (pp. 51–60). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognition & Emotion.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 12). An Enormous Piece Of Space Junk Will Crash Into The Ocean Tomorrow. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Geostationary Weather Satellites: Design Progress Made, but Schedule Uncertainty Needs to be Addressed (No. GAO-12-576). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zoino, J. J. (2017). Field Methods, Sampling Strategies, Historical Documents, and Data Redundancy: A Study of Historic Tenant Farmsteads in Leflore County, Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer, A. E. (2008, August 22). In Georgia, a Claim Russia Is Making More Advances. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunnett, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bunnett, 2000; Reches & Gazit, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reches & Gazit, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Xu, & Wu, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Niskanen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognition & Emotion
AbbreviationCogn. Emot.
ISSN (print)0269-9931
ISSN (online)1464-0600
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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