How to format your references using the Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heimann, M. (2005). Obituary: Charles David Keeling 1928-2005. Nature, 437(7057), 331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piskorowski, R., & Aldrich, R. W. (2002). Calcium activation of BK(Ca) potassium channels lacking the calcium bowl and RCK domains. Nature, 420(6915), 499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parry, M., Lowe, J., & Hanson, C. (2009). Overshoot, adapt and recover. Nature, 458(7242), 1102–1103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Song, Y. J., Otte, A. F., Kuk, Y., Hu, Y., Torrance, D. B., First, P. N., … Stroscio, J. A. (2010). High-resolution tunnelling spectroscopy of a graphene quartet. Nature, 467(7312), 185–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neave, E. H. (2009). Modern Financial Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mastorakis, N., Mladenov, V., & Kontargyri, V. T. (Eds.). (2009). Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2 (Vol. 28). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Aseeva, R., Serkov, B., & Sivenkov, A. (2014). Heat Release Characteristics and Combustion Heat of Timber. In B. Serkov & A. Sivenkov (Eds.), Fire Behavior and Fire Protection in Timber Buildings (pp. 119–137). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, October 13). Chimpanzee Mothers Filmed Teaching Their Children To Use Tools For The First Time. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Maritime Infrastructure: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Effectiveness of Federal Efforts to Support the Marine Transportation System (No. GAO-13-80). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obeng-Dompreh, S. (2008). The impact of servicemembers’ learning styles and computer anxiety levels on computer -mediated learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., & Stevenson, A. (2016, November 17). For Using Jobs to Entice China’s Elite, Chase Agrees to Pay a $264 Million Penalty. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heimann, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Heimann, 2005; Piskorowski & Aldrich, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Piskorowski & Aldrich, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Parry, Lowe, & Hanson, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Song et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice
ISSN (print)1752-1882
ISSN (online)1752-1890
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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