How to format your references using the Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghigo, J. M. (2001). Natural conjugative plasmids induce bacterial biofilm development. Nature, 412(6845), 442–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abel, G. J., & Sander, N. (2014). Quantifying global international migration flows. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1520–1522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kremer, M., Brannen, C., & Glennerster, R. (2013). The challenge of education and learning in the developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 297–300.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dortmans, J. C. F. M., Dekkers, J., Wickramasinghe, I. N. A., Verheije, M. H., Rottier, P. J. M., van Kuppeveld, F. J. M., … de Haan, C. A. M. (2013). Adaptation of novel H7N9 influenza A virus to human receptors. Scientific Reports, 3, 3058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, J. R., & Peters, J. R. (2016). Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anděl, J., Bičík, I., Dostál, P., Lipský, Z., & Shahneshin, S. G. (Eds.). (2010). Landscape Modelling: Geographical Space, Transformation and Future Scenarios (Vol. 8). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Nohria, A., & Bhatt, A. (2009). Hemodynamic Monitoring in Heart Failure. In W. H. Maisel (Ed.), Device Therapy in Heart Failure (pp. 119–154). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 2). Night Owls Have A Higher Risk Of Developing Diabetes Than Early Birds. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider Cost and Schedule (No. T-RCED-93-47). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladendorff, M. Z. (2014). The effect of North American Electric Reliability Corporation critical infrastructure protection standards on bulk electric system reliability (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, August 2). In Brooklyn, a Hunt For the Perfect Fit. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chou, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Goodwin, 2001; Macilwain, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abel & Sander, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kremer, Brannen, & Glennerster, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice
ISSN (print)1752-1882
ISSN (online)1752-1890
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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