How to format your references using the Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiessling, W. (2006). Paleoecology. Life’s complexity cast in stone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5803), 1254–1255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berry, R. M., & Armitage, J. P. (2008). Microbiology. How bacteria change gear. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1599–1600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubinstein, S. M., Cohen, G., & Fineberg, J. (2004). Detachment fronts and the onset of dynamic friction. Nature, 430(7003), 1005–1009.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Agarwal, N., Lamichhane, G., Gupta, R., Nolan, S., & Bishai, W. R. (2009). Cyclic AMP intoxication of macrophages by a Mycobacterium tuberculosis adenylate cyclase. Nature, 460(7251), 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McDonnell, G., & Sheard, D. (2012). A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Heinemann, G. (2015). Social - Local - Mobile: The Future of Location-based Services (C. Gaiser, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, J., & Kim, S. (2009). Bilateral Filtered Shadow Maps. In G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, Y. Kuno, J. Wang, R. Pajarola, P. Lindstrom, A. Hinkenjann, M. L. Encarnação, C. T. Silva, & D. Coming (Eds.), Advances in Visual Computing: 5th International Symposium, ISVC 2009, Las Vegas, NV, USA, November 30-December 2, 2009. Proceedings, Part II (pp. 49–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 28). Borneo’s “Deep Skull” Rewrites History Of Human Evolution. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Railroad Safety: DOT Should Better Manage Its Hazardous Materials Inspection Program (RCED-90-43). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barta, M. E. (2009). Culture, customer-centricity, and customer relationship management in an online postsecondary learning institution [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2015, June 24). Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiessling, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Berry & Armitage, 2008; Kiessling, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berry & Armitage, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Rubinstein et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Agarwal et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice
ISSN (print)1752-1882
ISSN (online)1752-1890
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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