How to format your references using the CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muller, N. Z. Science 2014, 345, 873–874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meselson, M.; Mark Welch, D. Science 2007, 318, 202–203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffith, S.; Goldwater, D.; Jacobson, J. M. Nature 2005, 437, 636.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spierings, D.; McStay, G.; Saleh, M.; Bender, C.; Chipuk, J.; Maurer, U.; Green, D. R. Science 2005, 310, 66–67.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, J. Y. B. Scalable Continuous Media Streaming Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Holt, T. J. Data Thieves in Action: Examining the International Market for Stolen Personal Information; Smirnova, O.; Chua, Y.-T., Eds.; Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity; Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukui, A.; Funamizu, A.; Fuchinoue, K.; Kamoi, M.; Taima, A.; Fukuhara, R.; Mizunuma, H. In Uterine Endometrial Function; Kanzaki, H., Ed.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2016; pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets.

Blog post
Fang, J. Dating The Moon. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office New Denver Airport: Safety, Construction, Capacity, and Financing Considerations; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manuel, D. G. Integrate or Innovate: Controlling Schedule Risk in Major Defense Acquisition Programs. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Slash. New York Times 2016, C15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets
AbbreviationCNS Neurol. Disord. Drug Targets
ISSN (print)1871-5273
ISSN (online)1996-3181
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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