How to format your references using the Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webb SC (2007) The Earth’s “hum” is driven by ocean waves over the continental shelves. Nature 445:754–756
A journal article with 2 authors
Morrison SJ, Scadden DT (2014) The bone marrow niche for haematopoietic stem cells. Nature 505:327–334
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn SG, del Mármol J, MacKinnon R (2012) Crystal structure of the human K2P TRAAK, a lipid- and mechano-sensitive K+ ion channel. Science 335:436–441
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Smith FA, Boyer AG, Brown JH, et al (2010) The evolution of maximum body size of terrestrial mammals. Science 330:1216–1219

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson DR (2006) Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rosenberg E, DeLong EF, Lory S, et al (2014) The Prokaryotes: Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hulbert GM, Ma Z-D, Wang J (2005) Gluing for Dynamic Simulation of Distributed Mechanical Systems. In: Ambrósio JAC (ed) Advances in Computational Multibody Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Near Earth And Far Away, It’s Been An Exciting Year In Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contreras AG (2009) A reproductive health program for the Latino adolescent community: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E (2012) A Dozen Writers Put Down Their Pens to Prove the Might of a March. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
AbbreviationClin. Rev. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)1080-0549
ISSN (online)1559-0267
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles