How to format your references using the Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz R (2012) Mysteries of astronomy. Science 336:1090
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen SM, Brennecke J (2006) Developmental biology. Mixed messages in early development. Science 312:65–66
A journal article with 3 authors
Roselló-Díez A, Ros MA, Torres M (2011) Diffusible signals, not autonomous mechanisms, determine the main proximodistal limb subdivision. Science 332:1086–1088
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vavvas DG, Dryja TP, Wilson ME, et al (2018) Lens regeneration in children. Nature 556:E2–E3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS (2006) Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wyld DC, Wozniak M, Chaki N, et al (2011) Advances in Computing and Information Technology: First International Conference, ACITY 2011, Chennai, India, July 15-17, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kwa C, van Hemert M, van der Weij L (2009) Visualising Landscapes: Do Pictures Represent Theory or Data? In: Scholten HJ, Velde R van de, Manen N van (eds) Geospatial Technology and the Role of Location in Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 47–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Trial Suggests Medical Marijuana Could Offer Hope For Children With Severe Epilepsy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Aircraft Development: The Advanced Tactical Fighter’s Costs, Schedule, and Performance Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castan JU (2010) Congruence x employment tenure: A study with transitioning youth with disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M, Belson K (2013) Seau Had Brain Disease Found in Other Ex-Players. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
AbbreviationClin. Rev. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)1080-0549
ISSN (online)1559-0267
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles